2013. The Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers
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In the case of conventional (displacement) hulls, model testing is based on the assumption (with or without certain refinements) that the total resistance can be expressed as:RT=RF+RR(1)where Rt is measured in the towing tank, and the frictional resistance, Rf, can be accurately estimated by the application of a friction line and the use of the calm-water wetted surface. It is assumed that the dimensionless residuary resistance RR is the same for the model and the prototype vessel. Our article may be considered to be an extension of the classic article by Wilson, Wells, and Heber (1978) to the more complex case of the surface-effect ship, as follows. Specifically, we opine that:RT=RF+RW+RH+RS+RM+RSPRAY(2)Here, Rw is the wave resistance of the vessel (caused by a combination of the actions of the cushion pressure and the two sidehulls), RH is the transom (hydrostatic) drag, Rs is the seal drag, Rm is the momentum drag, and RspRay is the spray drag. Rt is the only one of these quantities that is measured during the model test. The other components require the use of a variety of estimates. In the article, we present specific examples of our approach as applied to a number of tests on surface-effect ship models that we have studied in recent years.