Physiographic Controls on Development in the Queen Elizabeth Islands
- V.W. Sim (Department of Mines & Technical Surveys, Ontario)
- Document ID
- Petroleum Society of Canada
- Journal of Canadian Petroleum Technology
- Publication Date
- December 1963
- Document Type
- Journal Paper
- 198 - 206
- 1963. Petroleum Society of Canada
- 1.10.1 Drill string components and drilling tools (tubulars, jars, subs, stabilisers, reamers, etc), 5.2.1 Phase Behavior and PVT Measurements, 1.2.3 Rock properties, 4.1.5 Processing Equipment, 2.1.3 Sand/Solids Control, 4.1.2 Separation and Treating
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Dean Hare of McGill University has recently pointed out that Canada is toocold and too big. His precise reasons for this belief do not concern us here,but I suggest that it is also an apt description of the Queen ElizabethIslands. To put it another way, climate and terrain in the Queen ElizabethIslands are seriously restrictive physical factors determining the directionand rate of economic expansion. These factors are discussed in some detail inthis paper.
In all activities in the Arctic, man's comfort is of primary importance. AsHarwood (1961, p. 1106) suggests " ... in the end it is his heat loss whichdetermines whether he is cold and inefficient or warm and efficient." The firstaspect of the climate of the Queen Elizabeth Islands which needs emphasis isthe severity of the temperature and the duration of the period of extreme cold.Temperatures normally associated with winter in southern Canada occur during 10months of the year (Figure 1), At Resolute, on Cornwallis Island,sub-freezing temperatures are usual between mid-October and mid-April. Onlyduring July and August can temperatures be expected to remain above freezing,and even during this period occasional sub-freezing days may occur. Most areasof the Islands share with interior Keewatin District the distinction of beingthe coldest areas in Canada in January, when the mean monthly temperature dipsbelow -30°F. Thomas points out, however, that even under these extremeconditions, daily temperature variations may range as high as 10° to15°F. (Thomas, 1961, p. 945).
Summer, as we know it in southern Canada, is not experienced in the QueenElizabeth Islands. In July, the mean monthly temperature is approximately40°F., or roughly the same as winter temperatures in Vancouver or April andOctober temperatures in Edmonton.
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