•Preventable lifestyle diseases such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes and obesity are on the rise throughout the U.S.
•Evidence suggests that sitting may affect many such disorders. The shift toward more sedentary, computer-based work and away from manual labor may be combining with an increased amount of sitting during leisure hours to adversely affect public health.
•The business and healthcare communities have begun to combat the adverse health effects of sitting by raising awareness of the issue and encouraging increased physical activity in the workplace and at home. This article reviews literature on the topic and describes potential solutions.
Preventable lifestyle diseases are on the rise. Obesity, diabetes and heart disease have become more prevalent, placing an enormous strain on the U.S. healthcare system (Hammond & Levine, 2010). According to CDC (“Overweight”), in 2012 more than one in three Americans was obese, up from 15% in the 1960s. During the late 1970s, the percentage of Americans who were overweight was a little more than 40%; today it is estimated at more than 70%. Similarly, diabetes incidence has risen dramatically during the same period and is predicted to exceed 30% of the population by 2050 (American Diabetes Association, 2013).
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