Costs associated with work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMSDs) can be high for both the employer and employee. Employers incur medical and replacement costs when a trained employee is unable to work (Dailey, 2006). In addition to lost wages, an employee may experience psychological and psychosocial issues among other issues (Keough & Fisher, 2001). WRMSDs are financially burdensome in terms healthcare costs, and loss of productivity and wages. These costs must be controlled and prevention of these disorders may decrease their associated expenses (Fisher, Brodzin-ski-Andreae & Zook, 2009; Fisher, 2003).
Emergency medical ser-vices (EMS) personnel are at increased risk for occupational injury with re-ported injuries including falls, being struck by objects and lifting. They frequently complain of musculoskeletal pain (Heick, Young & Peek-Asa, 2009). Among EMS personnel, these complaints could be a result of awkward postures when bending, reaching, twisting or performing repetitive motions while completing their tasks.
Ambulances are equipped with specific medical supplies, including airway and ventilation equipment, automated external defibrillators, patient transfer equipment and other supplies for emergency response. EMS equipment is often heavy and awkward, and can place EMS personnel at risk of injury if not carried properly. This combination and the additional weight of the stretcher and patient makes maneuvering much more awkward for EMS personnel.
|File Size||237 KB||Number of Pages||5|
Looking for more?
Some of the OnePetro partner societies have developed subject- specific wikis that may help.
|PetroWiki was initially created from the seven volume Petroleum Engineering Handbook (PEH) published by the Society of Petroleum Engineers (SPE).
|The SEG Wiki is a useful collection of information for working geophysicists, educators, and students in the field of geophysics. The initial content has been derived from : Robert E. Sheriff's Encyclopedic Dictionary of Applied Geophysics, fourth edition.