Selection of Artificial Lift
- James F. Lea (Amoco EPTG/RPM) | Henry V. Nickens (Amoco EPTG/RPM)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Mid-Continent Operations Symposium, 28-31 March, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
- Publication Date
- Document Type
- Conference Paper
- 1999. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 3 Production and Well Operations, 3.1.1 Beam and related pumping techniques, 1.10.1 Drill string components and drilling tools (tubulars, jars, subs, stabilisers, reamers, etc), 2.4.3 Sand/Solids Control, 4.3.4 Scale, 5.4.6 Thermal Methods, 2.4.5 Gravel pack design & evaluation, 4.3.1 Hydrates, 3.1.6 Gas Lift, 3.1.3 Hydraulic and Jet Pumps, 5.2.1 Phase Behavior and PVT Measurements, 7.6.6 Artificial Intelligence, 4.1.4 Gas Processing, 3.1.2 Electric Submersible Pumps, 4.1.6 Compressors, Engines and Turbines, 4.2.3 Materials and Corrosion, 5.4.2 Gas Injection Methods, 5.7.5 Economic Evaluations, 3.1.7 Progressing Cavity Pumps, 5.6.4 Drillstem/Well Testing, 3.3.1 Production Logging, 5.2 Reservoir Fluid Dynamics, 4.2 Pipelines, Flowlines and Risers, 5.3.2 Multiphase Flow, 3.1.5 Plunger lift, 2.2.2 Perforating, 3.1 Artificial Lift Systems, 1.6 Drilling Operations, 4.1.2 Separation and Treating, 4.1.5 Processing Equipment, 1.6.1 Drilling Operation Management
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Selection of the most economical artificial lift method is necessary for theoperator to realize the maximum potential from developing any oil or gas field.Historically the methods used to select the method of lift for a particularfield have varied broadly across the industry, including
- Determining what methods will lift at the desired rates and from therequired depths.
- Evaluating lists of advantages and disadvantages.
- Use of "expert" systems to both eliminate and select systems.
- Evaluation of initial costs, operating costs, production capabilities, etc.using economics as a tool of selection.
This paper will highlight some of the methods commonly used for selectionand also include some examples of costs and profits over time calculated to thepresent time as a tool of selection. The operator should consider all of thesemethods when selecting a method of artificial lift, especially for alarge, long-term project.
In artificial lift design the engineer is faced with matching facilityconstraints,artificial lift capabilities and the well productivity so that anefficient lift installation results. Energy efficiency will partially determinethe cost of operation, but this is only one of many factors to beconsidered.
In the typical artificial lift problem, the type of lift has already beendetermined and the engineer has the problem of applying that system to theparticular well. The more basic question, however, is how to determine what isthe proper type of artificial lift to apply in a given field.
Each of the four major types of artificial lift will be discussed beforeexamining some of the selection techniques. Some additional methods of liftwill also be discussed. Preliminary comments related to reservoir and wellfactors that should be taken into consideration are presented.
|File Size||1 MB||Number of Pages||30|