Conventional and Eco-Friendly Hydraulic Fracturing Fluid Additives: A Review
- Abo Taleb T. Al-Hameedi (Missouri University of Science and Technology) | Husam H. Alkinani (Missouri University of Science and Technology) | Shari Dunn-Norman (Missouri University of Science and Technology) | Hector A. Trevino (Missouri University of Science and Technology) | Mustafa A. Al-Alwani (Missouri University of Science and Technology)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Hydraulic Fracturing Technology Conference and Exhibition, 4-6 February, The Woodlands, Texas, USA
- Publication Date
- Document Type
- Conference Paper
- 2020. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- Conventional, Hydraulic Fracturing, Eco-Friendly
- 28 in the last 30 days
- 597 since 2007
- Show more detail
- View rights & permissions
|SPE Member Price:||USD 5.00|
|SPE Non-Member Price:||USD 28.00|
The purpose of this paper is to create a starting point for research into using friendly and biodegradable waste material as supportive items for hydraulic fracturing fluids and additives. Conventional fluids and additives, although they can be effective, they pose serious threats to work personnel and public health and to the environment. Conventional fluids and additives can also be very costly. These risks and concerns should drive the oil and gas industry to pursue alternative options, safer and cheaper options, from conventional fracturing fluids and additives. Some waste materials provide this opportunity. It is apparent through many forms of research that waste materials are readily available globally making it easy and cheap to obtain. A driving force for this research was research previously done on finding alternative additives for drilling fluids. Researchers have proven that some of the waste materials, such as food waste, grass waste, palm tree waste, among many others, can and should replace or at least boost conventional drilling fluids and additives through a series of experiments and tests. Not only are these materials easier and cheaper to obtain, but they are also efficient and safer for both the environment and people. The same could be said for alternative hydraulic fracturing fluids and additives if proper research is done. The strides made in finding alternatives for drilling fluid additives have pushed the revolutionizing of the oil and gas industry, acting as a catalyst for the research into alternative hydraulic fracturing fluids and additives. In this work, a more thorough investigation into conventional fracturing fluids and their downfalls regarding price and health and environmental concerns are illustrated as well as the function of the main fracturing fluids; water fracs, linear gels, crosslinked gels, oil-based fluids, and foam/poly-emulsions. Throughout this paper, it becomes apparent that the oil and gas industry should attempt replacing or decreasing conventional fracturing fluids additives because of the negative influences they have on profit, people's health and safety, and the environment.
|File Size||746 KB||Number of Pages||18|
Adebowale, A., and Raji, J. "Local Content Supplements as an Alternative to Imported Corrosion Control Additives for Drilling Mud Treatment (A Case Study of the Use of Burnt Plantain and Banana Peels". Proceedings of the International Academic Conference for Sub-Sahara African Transformation and Development 2015. Vol. 3.
"Types Of Hydraulic Fracturing Fluids." Petroblogger.com, 9 Mar. 2013, www.ingenieriadepetroleo.com/types-hydraulic-fracturing-fluids/.
Aggrey, W. N., Asiedu, N. Y., Adenutsi, C. D., & Anumah, P. (2019). A novel non-ionic surfactant extract derived from Chromolaena odarata as shale inhibitor in water based drilling mud. Heliyon, 5(5), e01697. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2019.e01697.
Al-Hameedi, A. T. T., Alkinani, H. H., Dunn-Norman, S., Al-Alwani, M. A., Alshammari, A. F., Alkhamis, M. M., Al-Bazzaz, W. H. (2019a). Experimental investigation of environmentally friendly drilling fluid additives (mandarin peels powder) to substitute the conventional chemicals used in water-based drilling fluid. Journal of Petroleum Exploration and Production Technology, (0123456789). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13202-019-0725-7.
Al-Hameedi, A.T., Alkinani, H.H., Dunn-Norman, S., Alashwak, N.A., Alshammari, A.F., Alkhamis, M.M., and Albazzaz, H.W., Missouri University of Science and Technology; Mutar, R.A., Ministry of Communications and Technology; Alsaba, M.T., Australian College of Kuwait. "Environmental Friendly Drilling Fluid Additives: Can Food Waste Products be Used as Thinners and Fluid Loss Control Agents for Drilling Fluid?" Society of Petroleum Engineers, SPE Symposium: Asia Pacific Health, Safety, Security, Environment and Social Responsibility held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 23-24 April 2019b.
Al-Hameedi, A. T. T., Alkinani, H. H., Dunn-Norman, S., Albazzaz, H. W., & Alkhamis, M. M. (2019c). Insights into Eco-Friendly and Conventional Drilling Additives: Applications, Cost Analysis, Health, Safety, and Environmental Considerations. Society of Petroleum Engineers. Doi: 10.2118/195398-MS.
Al-Hameedi, A.T., Alkinani, H.H., Dunn-Norman, S., Alshammari, A.F., and Albazzaz, H.W., Mutar, R.A., Al Abdulmohsen, M.M. (2019d) "Experimental Investigation of Bioenhancer Drilling Fluid Additive: Can Palm Tree Leaves be Utilized as a Supportive Eco-Friendly Additive in Water-Based Drilling Fluid System?" Journal of Petroleum Exploration and Production Technology. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13202-019-00766-7.
Al-Hameedi, A.T., Alkinani, H.H., Dunn-Norman, S., Alshammari, A.F., Albazzaz, H.W., and Alkhamis, M.M., Mutar, R.A. (2019e) "Insights into the Application of New Eco-Friendly Drilling Fluid Additive to Improve the Fluid Properties in Water-Based Drilling Fluid Systems". Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.petrol.2019.106424.
Alkinani, H. H., Al-Hameedi, A. T., Flori, R. E., Dunn-Norman, S., Hilgedick, S. A., & Alsaba, M. T. (2018, April 22). Updated Classification of Lost Circulation Treatments and Materials with an Integrated Analysis and their Applications. Society of Petroleum Engineers. Doi: 10.2118/190118.
Fuller, M. J. (2016, February 24). An Innovative Approach to Gel Breakers for Hydraulic Fracturing. Society of Petroleum Engineers. doi:10.2118/178991-MS
Apaydin, Mehmet, "Economic Profitability Of The Bakken, North Dakota Unconventional Oil Plays Based On A Typical Well Performance With Current Market Conditions", Master's Thesis, Michigan Technological University, 2014. https://digitalcommons.mtu.edu/etds/866.
"Borate Crosslinked Fluids." Halliburton, Halliburton, 2019, www.halliburton.com/en-US/ps/stimulation/fracturing/fracturing-fluid-systems/borate-crosslinked-fluids.html.
Budget Dumpster (2019). Where Does Trash Go? Retrieved from https://www.budgetdumpster.com/resources/where-does-trash-go.php. (Accessed 2 April 2019).
Chainey, R. "Which Countries Waste the Most Food?" World Economic Forum, August 13, 2015. Retrieved from https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2015/08/which-countries-waste-the-most-food/. (Accessed 4 April 2019).
Chemtotal. "Conventional Linear Gels." Conventional Linear Gels, Manufacturer & Supplier of Guar | Thickeners | Gums | Gelling Agents, 11 Aug. 2008, Monday, www.chemtotal.com/oldsite/home/29-the-cms/22-conventional-linear-gels.html.
Environmental Protection Agency. Guide to the Facts and Figures Report about Materials, Waste and Recycling for 2015, 2016b, 2019. Retrieved from https://www.epa.gov/facts-and-figures-about-materials-waste-and-recycling/guide-facts-and-figures-report-about-materials. (Accessed 25 March 2019).
FAO-Food waste worsens GHG emissions (2015, October 07). Retrieved from https://climatenewsnetwork.net/foodwaste-worsens-ghg-emissions-fao/. (Accessed 16 January 2019).
"Fracturing Fluids and Additives." PetroWiki, SPE, 2016, petrowiki.org/Fracturing_fluids_and_additives.
Fracturing Fluid Systems. Halliburton, 2013, Fracturing Fluid Systems, www.halliburton.com/content/dam/ps/public/pe/contents/Data_Sheets/web/H/H05667.pdf.
Gandossi, Luca. An Overview of Hydraulic Fracturing and Other Formation Stimulation Technologies for Shale Gas Production. 2013, An Overview of Hydraulic Fracturing and Other Formation Stimulation Technologies for Shale Gas Production,publications. jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/bitstream/JRC86065/an%20overview%20of%20hydraulic%20fracturing%20and%20other%20stimulation%20technologies%20(2).pdf.
"Fracturing Fluids 101." Fracturing Fluids 101, Hexion Fracline, 2012, www.hexionfracline.com/fracturing-fluids-101.
Grieser, B., Hobbs, J., Hunter, J., & Ables, J. (2003, January 1). The Rocket Science Behind Water Frac Design. Society of Petroleum Engineers. doi:10.2118/80933-MS
Government Statistical Service. UK Statistics on Waste. Department for Environment Food & Rural Affairs, 2019. Ret from https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/784263/UK_Statistics_on_Waste_statistical_notice_March_2019_rev_FINAL.pdf. (Accessed 3 April 2019).
Hoffman, Joe. "Potential Health and Environmental Effects of Hydrofracking in the Williston Basin, Montana." Case Studies, 15 Feb. 2019, serc.carleton.edu/NAGTWorkshops/health/case_studies/hydrofracking_w.html.
"Hydraulic Fracturing Basics." American Geosciences Institute, 29 Jan. 2019, www.americangeosciences.org/critical-issues/hydraulic-fracturing-basics.
"Hydraulic Fracturing: The Process." Hydraulic Fracturing: The Process | FracFocus Chemical Disclosure Registry, BC Oil & Gas Commission, 2019, www.fracfocus.ca/en/hydraulic-fracturing-how-it-works-0/hydraulic-fracturing-process.
"Hydraulic Fracturing: The Process." FracFocus, GWPC & IOGCC, 2019, fracfocus.org/hydraulic-fracturing-how-it-works/hydraulic-fracturing-process.
"Hydraulic Fracturing Fluids - Composition and Additives." Geology, Geology.com, 2019, geology.com/energy/hydraulic-fracturing-fluids/.
Mathis, S.p., and R.J. Saucier. "Water-Fracturing vs. Frac-Packing: Well Performance Comparison and Completion Type Selection Criteria." SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, 1997, doi: 10.2118/38593-ms.
Montgomery, Carl. "Fracturing Fluids." Effective and Sustainable Hydraulic Fracturing, 2013, doi: 10.5772/56192.
Montgomery, Carl. "Fracturing Fluid Components." IntechOpen, IntechOpen, 17 May 2013, www.intechopen.com/books/effective-and-sustainable-hydraulic-fracturing/fracturing-fluid-components.
Montgomery, Carl T., and Michael B. Smith. "Hydraulic Fracturing: History of an Enduring Technology." Journal of Petroleum Technology, vol. 62, no. 12, 2010, pp. 26-40., doi: 10.2118/1210-0026-jpt.
Siegel, Heather. "Bakken 5-Year Drilling & Completion Trends." DTC Energy Group, 10 Oct. 2013, www.dtcenergygroup.com/bakken-5-year-drilling-completion-trends/.
Staaf, Erika, and David Masur. "Preserving Forests, Protecting Waterways." PennEnvironment, 1 Dec. 2009, pennenvironment.org/reports/pae/preserving-forests-protecting-waterways.
United Nations Environment Programme (2016). Pakistan - Waste Management. Retrieved from https://www.export.gov/article?id=Pakistan-Waste-Management. (Accessed 3 April 2019).
U.S. Energy Information Administration. "U.S. Energy Information Administration - EIA - Independent Statistics and Analysis." Trends in U.S. Oil and Natural Gas Upstream Costs - Energy Information Administration, 2016, www.eia.gov/analysis/studies/drilling/.
"Why Chemicals Are Used." FracFocus, GWPC & IOGCC, 2019, fracfocus.org/chemical-use/why-chemicals-are-used.
World Bank (2017). Generation of municipal solid waste worldwide in 2017, by select country (in million metric tons) *. Retrieved from https://www.statista.com/statistics/916749/global-generation-of-municipal-solid-waste-by-country/. (Accessed 3 April 2019).
Worldatlas (2019). Top 10 Hay Producing US States. Retrieved from https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/top-10-hay-producing-us-states.html. (Accessed 8 April 2019).
Zafar, S., 2016. "Biomass Potential of Date Palm Wastes." Agriculture, Biomass Energy, Middle East, Renewable Energy, Waste Management. Retrieved from https://www.ecomena.org/biomass-date-palm-wastes/.