Utilizing Discrete Fracture Modeling and Microproppant to Predict and Sustain Production Improvements in Nano Darcy Rock
- Carl T. Montgomery (NSI Technologies L.L.C.) | Michael B. Smith (NSI Technologies L.L.C.) | Zhongfeng An (NSI Technologies L.L.C.) | Hank H. Klein (HK Technologies) | William Strobel (Zeeospheres Ceramics Inc) | Roger R. Myers (RRM Completions, LLC.)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Hydraulic Fracturing Technology Conference and Exhibition, 4-6 February, The Woodlands, Texas, USA
- Publication Date
- Document Type
- Conference Paper
- 2020. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- Microproppant, Case Histories, Shale, Discrete Fracture Network
- 408 in the last 30 days
- 411 since 2007
- Show more detail
- View rights & permissions
|SPE Member Price:||USD 9.50|
|SPE Non-Member Price:||USD 28.00|
Providing and sustaining fracture conductivity in secondary fracture systems created during the stimulation of very tight unconventional shale plays is critical for sustaining productivity and reducing decline rates. In this paper, a discrete fracture network model which includes proppant transport will be utilized to show the effect that an unsupported vs supported dilated fracture network has on the decline and ultimate recovery of available resources in shale. In addition, the characteristics and properties of a microproppant will be described. The physical properties of the material, the oil and water conductivity of the proppant at various fracture widths along with the resultant Fcd will be presented. Utilizing a bridging factor of 3, a comparison of the surface area propped by various proppants will be made. The proppant transport characteristics will also be described. The production benefits of utilizing very small proppants will be demonstrated utilizing production data from four different rock systems including the Barnett, Woodford, Utica, Permian Basin and Marcellus shale. Several additional operational benefits including reduced pumping pressures and far field diversion to prevent fracture hits will also be discussed. Finally, operational considerations will be described including utilizing liquid slurry's, pump wear evaluations and recommended proppant addition points will be described.
|File Size||11 MB||Number of Pages||24|
Britt, Larry K., Smith, Michael B., Klein, Henry H., Deng J.Y. 2016 Production Benefits from Complexity – Efficts of Rock Fabric, Managed Drawdown and Propped Fracture Conductivity, presented at the SPE Hydraulic Fracturing Technology Conference and Exhibition held in The Woodlands, Texas USA, 9-11 February 2016. SPE-179159-MS.
Evans-Pritchare, Ambrose, Commodity Supercycle in Rude Health Despite Shale, The Telegraph, 31 July 2013. https://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/comment/ambroseevans_pritchard/10214989/Commodity-supercycle-in-rude-health-despite-shale.html
Calvin, J., Grieser, B., and Bachman, T. 2017. Enhancement of Well Production in the SCOOP Woodford Shale through the Application of Microproppant. Presented at the SPE Hydraulic Fracturing Technology Conference and Exhibition, The Woodlands, Texas, USA, 24-26 January. SPE-184863-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/184863-MS.
Dahl, J., Nguyen, P., Dusterhoft, R., Calvin, J. 2015. Application of Micro-Proppant to Enhance Well Production in Unconventional Reservoirs: Laboratory and Field Results. Presented at SPE Western Regional Meeting, Garden Grove, California, USA, 27-30 April. SPE-174060-MS. https://doi.org/10.2118/174060-MS.
Brice Y. Kim and I. Yucel Akkutlu, Texas A&M University; Vladimir Martysevich and Ron Dusterhoft, Halliburton, Laboratory Measurement of Microproppant Placement Quality using Split Core Plug Permeability under Stress, presented at the SPE Hydraulic Fracturing Technology Conference and Exhibition held in The Woodlands, Texas USA, 23-25 January 2018. SPE-189832-MS.
Dharmendra K., Gonzales, Ruben A. and Ghassemi, Ahmed, The University of Oklahoma; The Role of Micro-proppants in Conductive Fracture Network Development, presented at the SPE Hydraulic Fracturing Technology Conference and Exhibition held in The Woodlands, Texas USA, 5-7 February 2019. SPE-194340-MS.
Fisher, C. Short-Term Conductivity Testing for Zeeospheres Ceramic Microspheres, Constien and Associates Laboratory Report "https://www.candalab.com/", March 11, 2016.
Fisher, C. Relative conductivity Testing for Zeeospheres Ceramic Microspheres, Constien and Associates Laboratory Report "https://www.candalab.com/", December 2, 2018.
2005 StimLab proppant consortium report https://www.corelab.com/stimlab/proppant-consortium
M. B. Smith, NSI Technologies; A. Bale,, Statoil; L. K. Britt, Amoco Production Co., B. W. Hainey, Arco E&P Technology; H. K. Klein, Jaycor, "Enhanced 2D Proppant-Transport Simulation: The Key To Understanding Proppant Flowback and Post-Frac Productivity," paper SPE 38610 presented at the 1997 SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, San Antonio, Texas, 5–8 October
M. B. Smith, NSI Technologies; A.B. Bale, STATOIL; L. K. Britt, SPE, Amoco Production Co; H. H. Klein Jaycor.; E. Siebrits, SPE, Schlumberger; and X. Dang, Jaycor: "Layered Modulus Effects on Fracture Propagation, Proppant Placement, and Fracture Modeling,", paper SPE 71654 presented at the 2001 SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, New Orleans, Louisiana, 30 September–3 October 2001
Dahl, Jeff, Devon Energy; Philip Nguyen, Ron Dusterhoft, James Calvin, Shameem Siddiqui, Halliburton; "Application of Micro-Proppant to Enhance Well Production in Unconventional Reservoirs: Laboratory and Field Results", SPE 174060, presented at SPE Western Regional Meeting held in Garden Grove, California, USA, 27–30 April 2015.
NavPort® RS Energy Group https://www.rseg.com/.
Oklahoma Tax Commission website https://otcportal.tax.ok.gov/gpx/index.php
PHDWin® software offered at http://www.phdwin.com/
FracTech Laboratories http://www.fractech.com located in Woking, United Kingdom