Lessons Learnt from Ospar and the North Sea: The Importance of Establishing a Regional Decommissioning Agreement in the South China Sea Region
- Aaron Tung (Aberdeen-Curtin Alliance, University of Aberdeen & Curtin University) | Claus Otto (Curtin University Oil & Gas Innovation Centre)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Symposium: Decommissioning and Abandonment, 3-4 December, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
- Publication Date
- Document Type
- Conference Paper
- 2019. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- International Relations, Decommissioning, International Law
- 3 in the last 30 days
- 72 since 2007
- Show more detail
- View rights & permissions
|SPE Member Price:||USD 5.00|
|SPE Non-Member Price:||USD 28.00|
The United Kingdom Continental Shelf (UKCS) is a very mature hydrocarbon basin, and it is currently beginning to experience the full complexity associated with decommissioning. The UKCS region is also subjected to what most would acknowledge is the most developed set of regional arrangements in the shape of Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic (OSPAR).
Notwithstanding the degree of regional agreement in relation to decommissioning, an emergent insight from the current study in the UKCS is that there are significant issues that remain unresolved, which can be categorized into four main categories:
Uncertainties of Regulatory Responsibilities
Issues Related to Cross Boundary Operations
Issues Regarding Long Term Liability
Commercial Issues Across Boundaries
This finding has implications for other parts of the world that will have to face the challenges of decommissioning in the coming years, especially where they have not yet developed regional arrangements. Perhaps most challenging in this last regard will be the South China Sea given its history of contested island and maritime claims among several sovereign states within the region (Buszynski 2012).
In comparison with the North Sea, the geographical make-up of the South China Sea is much more complicated and there are many more countries sharing maritime borders in the region, making these potential offshore decommissioning issues more likely to occur. It is thus important for a regional offshore decommissioning agreement to be in placed in the South China Sea region to act both as a guideline and a dispute resolution mechanism in an event that disputes were to occur during offshore decommissioning operations.
This paper will highlight the 4 emerging areas of concern (as mentioned above) in offshore decommissioning in the UKCS to suggests that the countries in the South China Sea region could usefully have these in mind as they move to develop regional decommissioning arrangements. Primary qualitative data obtained from the semi-structured interviews will be used in this paper to highlight the concerns on offshore decommissioning in the UKCS while secondary data and literature will be used to link the 2 regions together to demonstrate the need for a consideration of a development of a regional decommissioning agreement in the South China Sea region.
|File Size||860 KB||Number of Pages||21|
Advisian. 2017. Scientfic Literature Review of the Environmental Impacts of Decommissioning Options. Perth, Australia. https://www.appea.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2017/08/Final-Advisian-Decommissioning-Report.pdf.
Amelia, Sari, Yusuf Latief, Noor AmilaWA Zawawi, and Achmad Jaka Santos. 2018. "Policy and Institution of Offshore Platform Decommissioning in Indonesia Oil and Gas Upstream Industry to Improve the Performance of Navigational Safety and State-Owned Asset Management." In SPE Symposium: Decommissioning and Abandonment, 2018: Society of Petroleum Engineers.
Bills, Kym. 2018. "Building a World-Class Australian Decommissioning Industry." The APPEA Journal 58 (2): 690–694. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1071/AJ17154.
Fowler, A. M., P. I. Macreadie, D. O. B. Jones, and D. J. Booth. 2014. "A Multi-Criteria Decision Approach to Decommissioning of Offshore Oil and Gas Infrastructure." Ocean & Coastal Management 87: 20–29. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2013.10.019.
Gordon, Paul L., Edward H. Poot, and Grace S. O'Connor. 2019. "Rigorous Decommissioning Decision Making with Strong Stakeholder Engagement Using Comparative Assessment." The APPEA Journal 59 (2): 591–595. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1071/AJ18276.
Ho, Chooi Yee. 2018. "Malaysia's First Subsea Fields Abandonment." In SPE Symposium: Decommissioning and Abandonment, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 2018/11/30/. 10. SPE: Society of Petroleum Engineers. https://doi.org/10.2118/193959-MS.
Jais, Mashitah M., Roseeta Rashidi, and Nurul Atyqah Anis. 2016. "Establishing Decommissioning Capability." In Offshore Technology Conference Asia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 2016/3/22/. 8. OTC: Offshore Technology Conference. https://doi.org/10.4043/26795-MS.
Jean Christophe, Le Guen, Ong Jimmy, and Yunus MohamedIzzat Mohamed. 2018. "Operator/Contractor Collaboration Results in Lightweight Drilling Package for Long-Term P&a Campaign." In SPE Symposium: Decommissioning and Abandonment, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 2018/11/30/. 4. SPE: Society of Petroleum Engineers. https://doi.org/10.2118/193983-MS.
Li, Xiaogang, Chao Wang, Yunhai Wang, Fuming Li, and Hongfei Xu. 2018. "Practice of Sustained Casing Pressure Removal for Jz Gasfield Production Well Plug and Abandonment in Bohai Bay." In SPE Symposium: Decommissioning and Abandonment, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 2018/11/30/. 7. SPE: Society of Petroleum Engineers. https://doi.org/10.2118/193944-MS.
Saraceni, Pat, and Keely Liddle. 2018. "Decommissioning – What's the Fuss About?" The APPEA Journal 58 (2): 748–752. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1071/AJ17223.
Tularak, Ajj, Waqar Ali Khan, and Witsarut Thungsuntonkhun. 2007. "Decommissioning Challenges in Thailand." In SPE Asia Pacific Health, Safety, and Security Environment Conference and Exhibition, Bangkok, Thailand, 2007/1/1/. 7. SPE: Society of Petroleum Engineers. https://doi.org/10.2118/108867-MS.
Yap, TaiLiong Alan. 2018. "Planning & Execution of Field 1 Subsea Facilities Decommissioning." In SPE Symposium: Decommissioning and Abandonment, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 2018/11/30/. 16. SPE: Society of Petroleum Engineers. https://doi.org/10.2118/193970-MS.
Yimtae, Den, Manit Aimcharoenchaiyakul, Sarayut Uiyyasathian, Maythus Svasti-xuto, and Chatawut Chanvanichskul. 2018. "Converted Barge for Wellhead Platform Decommissioning." In SPE Symposium: Decommissioning and Abandonment, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 2018/11/30/. 23. SPE: Society of Petroleum Engineers. https://doi.org/10.2118/193981-MS.
Yusof, Muhammad Hatta Mhd, Mohamad Ikhranizam Mohamad Ros, and Mohammad Annas Omar. 2018. "Well Decommissioning Campaign in Block Sk305, Sarawak, Malaysia 7 Production Wells and 9 Suspended Subsea Mud Line Suspension Exploration Wells." In SPE Symposium: Decommissioning and Abandonment, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 2018/11/30/. 18. SPE: Society of Petroleum Engineers. https://doi.org/10.2118/194054-MS.