The prohibitive costs & risks associated with performing PLT and potentially the isolation of the water producing zone through WSO in deepwater fields such as Akpo renders these operations economically unattractive.
This paper addresses the application of analytical method including the use of 4D monitor results to replace conventional PLT to identify, screen and select viable successful water shut off candidates.
Prior to executing water shut-off treatment programs, a combination of 4D seismic interpretation, production history review as well as the collection of completion and reservoir information were thoroughly performed to ensure that the wells are properly selected.
Well's diagnostic plot (WOR and WOR′) must be consistent with the type of water coning or channeling problem identified from the 4D time lapse seismic and also the depth of possible mechanical plug must be around or above estimated current oil-water contact (COWC).
Two candidate wells having 6-5/8″ SAS Slot 10 in 8.5″ open hole, at approximately 4,000 meter TD, and 82 deg C reservoir temperature were selected. The water cut values were 55% in one well and 60% in the other.
This paper presents below the significant upside for WSO attributed to the use of analytical method and integration of 4D seismic data by eliminating the need to run a traditional PLT. The operation was technically & economically successful on one well with a decrease of watercut from 55% to 16% resulting in the well incremental oil production of ~3kbopd. Operation is planned mid 2019 for the second well
Number of Pages
Bailey, B., Crabtree, M., Tyrie, J., Elphick, J., Kuchuk, F., Romano, C, and Roodhart, L. (2000) "Oil Field Review",, Spring 2000. Page 30-51
Chan, k.S., (1995),"water control disgnostic plot", paper 30775 presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference & Exhibition held in Dallas, U,S.A., 22·25 October
Itiola, T.O, Michel, B and Bez, M (2007), "Akpo, Nigeria from seismic interpretation to Geomodel", paper 111912 presented at the 31st Nigeria Annual international conference and exhibition held in Abuja, 6-8 August
Seright, R.S., Lane, R.H and Sydanck, R.D (2003), "A strategy for attacking excess water production, SPE 70067, In SPE Production and Facilities
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