Real-Time Monitoring and Predictive Failure Identification for Electrical Submersible Pumps
- Abhijeet Sandeep Bhardwaj (Halliburton) | Rahul Saraf (Halliburton) | Geetha Gopakumar Nair (Halliburton) | Sridharan Vallabhaneni (Halliburton)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- Abu Dhabi International Petroleum Exhibition & Conference, 11-14 November, Abu Dhabi, UAE
- Publication Date
- Document Type
- Conference Paper
- 2019. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- Deferment, False Positive, Hotelling T-Square, Principal Component Analysis, Supervised nonlinear
- 43 in the last 30 days
- 118 since 2007
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The maintenance of electrical submersible pumps (ESPs) is a highly capital-, resource-, and manpower-intensive exercise that is traditionally performed by reactive process monitoring of multivariate sensor data. In the reactive paradigm, it is difficult to proactively distinguish between sensor fluctuations, trip events, and failures in real time. This paper presents a real-time alarming system for predictive ESP failure identification by constructing dynamic operating envelopes on real-time sensor indicators using machine learning (ML). This ML model identifies the complex relationships between pressure head, pump losses, and supplied electrical energy. Operating envelopes are dynamically updated and validated by continuously incoming sensor data to provide indicators of ESP trip events. Recommendations for the amount of data required to provide reliable predictions and an alarming system to classify an ESP trip as a failure are also incorporated in the model. The algorithm can identify longer-term trends and deeper functional relationships from historical data, as compared to the traditional engineering approaches used for ESP diagnoses. The new workflow with the predictive model can provide signals two weeks before the actual failure event, as indicated by the traditional workflow. Issues related to sensor data quality, including missing, misaligned, and erroneous data that may result in false positive notifications can be easily improved by incorporating more domain knowledge by subject matter experts and field engineers. The proactive identification of failure events using this real-time alarming system can improve production efficiencies by avoiding deferment losses. It also contributes indirectly by improving, reducing, and automating the time spent in analyzing failure events, such as dismantle, inspection, and failure analysis (DIFA). The alarming algorithm can be gradually incorporated into traditional systems to provide continuous improvements and to add value without incurring the high costs of initial deployment and change management associated with it. This paper presents predictive ML models deployed to analyze real-time sensor data to proactively predict failures in ESPs results. It also provides recommendations related to the use of these workflows to improve operating practices and production efficiencies and to reduce deferment. Similar approaches can be extended to the monitoring of other equipment in real time.
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