The purpose of the paper is to present the results of using local sand resources in Saudi Arabia for the manufacture of resin coated proppant as a ceramic proppant alternative for deep conventional gas development. Crushed Miocene sandstone, old river sand and dune sand has been tested for a source to manufacture resin coated sand proppant. Compared to Northern White Sand in USA, each sand source has its own set of limitations such as angularity, low aspect ratio, clay, carbonate scale or iron oxide coating, and/or micro-fracture damage. Complete resin bonding to the particle surface required clean quartz surface free of sharp edges and no dust contamination. Conductivity testing of the resin coated sand at reservoir pressure and temperature reveals that over 95 wt% of the mesh sized sand particles should pass the room temperature crush test before coating.
Number of Pages
Bartko, K. M., Arnaout, I. H., Asiri, K. S., McClelland, K. M., Mulhim, N. I., Tineo, R., … Emelyanov, D. Y. (2017, January 24). From the Backyard Dune to Fracturing a Highly Tectonically Complex Formation in Saudi Arabia. Society of Petroleum Engineers. doi:10.2118/184823-MS
Alabbad, E. A., Tarihoran, A. R., Saldeev, R., Al-Harbi, M. M., Al-Kulaib, H. F., Al-Atwi, M. A., & Hansen, J. E. (2016, April 25). The Use of Local Sand for Hydraulic Fracturing in Saudi Arabian Gas Fields. Society of Petroleum Engineers. doi:10.2118/182751-MS
Al-Husseini, M. (2004, January). "Per-Unayzah unconformity, Saudi Arabia," GeoArabia. Spec. publ. 3, Gulf PetroLink
Talbot, A.N.; Richart, F.E. "The Strength of Concrete and Its Relation to the Cement, Aggregate and Water;" Bulletin; Univeristy of Illinois Engineering Experiment Station: Champaign, IL, USA, 1923; Volume 137, pp. 1–118.
YUKIO NAKATA, MASAYUKI HYODO, ADRIAN F.L.HYDE, YOSHINORI KATO, HIDEKAZU MURATA, "MICROSCOPIC PARTICLE CRUSHING OF SAND SUBJECTED TO HIGH PRESSURE ONE-DIMENSIONAL COMPRESSION," SOILS AND FOUNDATIONS, 2001, Volume 41, Issue 1, Pages 69–82, February 29, 2008, ISSN 1341-7452, https://doi.org/10.3208/sandf.41.69
LADE POUL V., BOPP PAUL A., "RELATIVE DENSITY EFFECTS ON DRAINED SAND BEHAVIOR AT HIGH PRESSURES," Journal of the Japanese Geotechnical Society, SN - 13417452, 2005/02/15, vol. 45, https://ci.nii.ac.jp/naid/110003969722/en/
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