Dissolution Study of Field Deposits for Oilfield Scale Mitigation and Remediation
- Chao Yan (Chevron ETC) | Wei Wang (Chevron ETC) | Wei Wei (Chevron ETC)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE International Conference on Oilfield Chemistry, 8-9 April, Galveston, Texas, USA
- Publication Date
- Document Type
- Conference Paper
- 2019. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- mitigation, scale, remediation, silicate
- 4 in the last 30 days
- 158 since 2007
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Formation of scales in near-wellbore reservoir/downhole and production systems can lead to production loss, system integrity and reliability degradation, and fouling of device and equipment. The mitigation and remediation of oilfield depositions can be difficult and costly. Better understanding of the key factors impacting scale dissolution, such as temperature and pH will benefit scale mitigation practices. Most of the research and investigation of silicate dissolution for example are based on low temperature experiences (e.g., <100 °C). Strong acids such as concentrated HCl, HF and aqua regia may not be applicable for field application.
In this study, field depositions with various scale types such as silicates, carbonate, sulfides are characterized and used for studying effects of pH, temperature and solvent on their dissolution. Experiments with oilfield scale deposit samples including silicates were conducted with high temperature thermal aging cells at temperature range >100 °C and pH from 6 – 8. Dissolution test with field scale samples were also conducted under ambient conditions. Various solvents including xylene, HCl and acetic acid were used in the test.
To summarize the results, decreasing temperature has limited effect on dissolution of magnesium silicates, but improves dissolution of calcite and anhydrite which coexist with the field sample. Decreasing pH improves the dissolution of magnesium silicate and calcite. Total amount of dissolved silicates can increase significantly due to appropriate pH decrease. Solution pH is increased dramatically due to the formation of hydroxyl ions during the dissolution process. The reaction for dissolution of metal silicate scale is proposed based on observation and results in the study. More fine particles are produced after dissolution and suspended in solution for at least 15 minutes, which makes solid mitigation possible by applying proper agitation. Oilfield deposits can include a variety of components, and appropriate scale sample characterization should be utilized for selection of mitigation/remediation approaches.
This paper provides novel information of oilfield scale dissolution (including silicate scale) at high temperature by using field applicable treatment approaches. Results lead to better understanding of silicate dissolution at various pHs and temperatures, and required conditions for successful mitigation and remediation of oilfield scale deposits
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