Quantitative Integration of 4D Seismic with Reservoir Simulation
- Sarath Pavan Ketineni (Chevron Corporation) | Subhash Kalla (Chevron Corporation) | Shauna Oppert (Chevron Corporation) | Travis Billiter (Chevron Corporation)
- Document ID
- Society of Petroleum Engineers
- SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, 24-26 September, Dallas, Texas, USA
- Publication Date
- Document Type
- Conference Paper
- 2018. Society of Petroleum Engineers
- 5.1.5 Geologic Modeling, 5.1 Reservoir Characterisation, 5.1.7 Seismic Processing and Interpretation, 5.1.9 Four-Dimensional and Four-Component Seismic, 5.6.9 Production Forecasting, 5.6 Formation Evaluation & Management, 5 Reservoir Desciption & Dynamics, 5.5 Reservoir Simulation, 5.5.8 History Matching
- Assisted History Matching, Quantitative Integration, Uncertainty Reduction, Reservoir Simulation, 4D Seismic
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- 315 since 2007
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Standard history matching workflows use qualitative 4D seismic observations to assist in reservoir modeling and simulation. However, such workflows lack a robust framework for quantitatively integrating 4D seismic interpretations. 4D or time-lapse seismic interpretations provide valuable inter-well saturation and pressure information and quantitatively integrating this inter-well data can help to constrain simulation parameters and improve the reliability of production modeling. This paper outlines technologies aimed at leveraging the value of 4D for reducing uncertainty in the range of history matched models and improving the production forecast.
The proposed 4D Assisted History Match (4DAHM) workflows utilize interpretations of 4D seismic anomalies for improving the reservoir simulation models. Design of Experiments (DOE) is initially used to generate the probabilistic history match simulations by varying the range of uncertain parameters. Saturation maps are extracted from the Production History Matched (PHM) simulations and then compared with 4D predicted swept anomalies. An automated extraction method was created and is used to reconcile spatial sampling differences between 4D data and simulation output. Interpreted 4D data is compared with simulation output, and the mismatch generated is used as a 4D filter to refine the suite of reservoir simulation models. The selected models are used to identify reservoir simulation parameters that are sensitive for generating a good match.
The application of 4DAHM workflows has resulted in reduced uncertainty in volumetric predictions of oil fields, probabilistic saturation S-curves at target locations, and fundamental changes to the dynamic model needed to improve the match to production data. Results from adopting this workflow in two different deep-water reservoirs are discussed. They not only resulted in reduced uncertainty, but also provided information on key performance indicators that are critical in obtaining a robust history match. In the first case study presented, the deep-water oil field 4DAHM resulted in a reduction of uncertainty by 20% in OOIP and by 25% in EUR in the P90-P10 range estimates. In the second case study, 4DAHM workflow exploited discrepancies between 4D seismic and simulation data to identify features necessary to be included in the dynamic model. Connectivity was increased through newly interpreted inter-channel erosional contacts, and sub-seismic faults. Moreover, the workflow provided an improved drilling location which has the higher probability of tapping unswept oil and better EUR. The 4D filters constrained the suite of reservoir simulation models and helped to identify 4 out of 24 simulation parameters critical for success. The updated PHM models honor both the production data and 4D interpretations, resulting in reduced uncertainty across the S-curve and, in this case, an increased P50 OOIP of 24% for a proposed infill drilling location, plus a significant cycle-time savings.
|File Size||1 MB||Number of Pages||14|
Hill, David, Dominic Lowden, Sonika Sonika, Mehdi Paydayesh, Andrej Bulat, Leigh Truelove, Clark Chahine, and Adrian Rodriguez Herrera. 2015. "Advanced Forward Modelling as an Integrated Tool in Seismic Reservoir Monitoring." SPE Asia Pacific Enhanced Oil Recovery Conference. Society of Petroleum Engineers.