Composite materials are good candidates for hydrofoils manufacturing, ensuring a good balance between strength and weight. In the high performances sailing yacht domain, hydrofoils are thin structures, highly loaded that experience significant displacements. This study investigates experimentally and numerically the influence of the laminate layup on the hydrodynamic performances of a surface piercing hydrofoil. Four hydrofoils with a constant chord, geometrically identical with different composite layups are mechanically characterized and tested in a hydrodynamic flume. The foils are designed to have a significant tip displacement of 5 to 10% of the span. Experimental results highlight a bending-twisting effect that leads to significant change in the hydrodynamic performances of the structures. Two different FSI numerical approaches: from a potential code coupled with beam theory to the full coupling of a shell structural code and a VOF hydro model with free surface are compared to the experiments with great results. The two approaches are two complementary bricks in the design process to compute the effect of passive deformation on hydrodynamic performances of the foils and therefore the yacht stability.
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