Best Practices for Using Coiled Tubing to Assist Plug-And-Perf Multistage Fracturing Operations in HP/HT Wells
- Ishaan Singh (Schlumberger) | Aman Saraf (Schlumberger) | Akash Ramesh Pathak (Schlumberger) | Bholanath Bandyopadhyay (Schlumberger) | Madhurjya Dehingia (Schlumberger) | Danny Aryo Wijoseno (Schlumberger) | Moulali Shaik (Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Limited) | Dasari Papa Rao (Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Limited)
- Document ID
- Offshore Technology Conference
- Offshore Technology Conference, 4-7 May, Houston, Texas, USA
- Publication Date
- Document Type
- Conference Paper
- 2020. Offshore Technology Conference
- Well Restrictions, Heavy fluids, Plug and Perf, HPHT, Depth Correlation
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The plug-and-perf (PnP) method is widely used globally for multistage fracturing operations. With only a few jobs performed worldwide, coiled tubing (CT) assisted PnP operations in high-pressure/high-temperature (HP/HT) wells are largely uncharted and most challenging. The "A" field in India has HP/HT formations, with bottomhole temperature (BHT) of 310°F and reservoir pressure of 9,000 psi. Whereas the PnP method is widely used globally, there are few examples in wells with completion restrictions or whose downhole conditions dramatically increase depth inaccuracies and equipment damage. This study describes how to address challenges such as depth correlation (which affects plug-setting depth accuracy), low injectivity, completion restrictions, and heavy brines (which damage CT). To gain further understanding of operations, simulations are sensitized to identify solutions for pumping rates, HP/HT conditions, well kill fluid, milling, and cleanouts where obstructions hindered BHA penetration.
The proposed best practices presented here are for primary CT operations involved in the complete PnP cycle, such as wellbore displacement, well dummy run-drift, setting the isolation plug and milling, acidizing using jetting tools, sand cleanout using gels having best performance in HP/HT environment and motor-mill runs with durable resistance in harsh environment, well kill (using 13.65-ppg calcium bromide), and nitrogen lift. The featured case studies describe operations including seven bridge plugs being set at accurate depths and milled after fracturing; cleanout of a 340-m sand column is also featured, as well as well kills with heavy brines. Optimized operational parameters such as CT speed, pumping rates, and the use of smaller outer diameter bottomhole assemblies doubled operational efficiency during those operations.
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