Study of the Effect of Low Salinity Water Injection on the Oil Recovery Factor in Fractured Carbonate Rocks Using Computed Tomography
- Catalina Camargo (University of Campinas) | Janeth Alina Vidal Vargas (University of Campinas) | Eddy Ruidiaz (University of Campinas) | Alessandra Winter (University of Campinas) | Erika Koroishi (University of Campinas) | Osvair Vidal Trevisan (University of Campinas) | Rafael Almeida (Repsol Sinopec Brasil) | Gabriel Soares Bassani (Repsol Sinopec Brasil)
- Document ID
- Offshore Technology Conference
- Offshore Technology Conference Brasil, 29-31 October, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
- Publication Date
- Document Type
- Conference Paper
- 2019. Offshore Technology Conference
- Matrix-Fracture Interaction, Naturally Carbonate Fractured Reservoir, Petrophysical Characterization, Low Salinity Water Injection, X-ray Computed Tomography
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A new methodology to study naturally fracture reservoir with an induced fracture model was proposed using a representative sample of the Pre-salt reservoir. A core was cut longitudinally while the fracture was simulated using a polyoxymethylene spacer (POM). This fracture configuration was adapted based on the studies performed by Lie (2013) and improved with filling the voids with spheres with controlled grain size to represent a porous medium and increase the permeability and porosity of the fracture. To study the effect of injection of low salinity waterflooding, a forced displacement test was performed under pressure conditions of 1000 psi, temperature of 63°C, and flow rate of 0.1 ml/min. The core sample was prepared at initial water saturation (Swi). This process was carried out by forced displacement and a vacuum procedure in the coreholder using synthetic formation water and dead oil of the same field as the core. The sample was aged for 34 days to simulate the wettability reservoir conditions. During the test, the syntethic seawater (SW) injection was started, and, after eight days, it was switched to ten times diluted seawater (SW10x) for 22 days. Oil production was calculated by mass balance. The X-ray computed tomography (CT) technique was used to evaluate the heterogeneity of the porosity distribution and the saturations at different injection times during the Swi process. To validate the petrophysical properties, it was performed a systematic routine for the determination of the petrophysical properties of the induced fracture model and its components: matrices and fracture. The porosity and permeability for the matrices were 11% and 31 mD for part A and are 10% and 22 mD for part B. respectively. The porosity of the fracture was analytically calculated resulting in 1.6% while the permeability of the fracture was adjusted according to the theory of flow in parallel layers resulting in 129 D. Finally, the induced fractured rock showed a porosity and permeability of 21% and 3.6 D, respectively. The Swi reached 32% and 33% by using mass balance and computed tomography (CT), respectively. Additionally, CT scans provided the Swi profiles throughtout the sample. The results of production have shown that oil recovery with injection SW was 20.8% original oil in place (OOIP) and additional recovery from the injection of SW10X of 17.33%OOIP while the final recovery was around 38.13%OOIP.
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