The Study and Application of the Kirchhoff Q PSDM Technology
- Weiyi Zhang (BGP, CNPC) | Jianlei Zhang (BGP, CNPC) | Chengxiang Wang (BGP, CNPC) | Pengyuan Sun (BGP, CNPC) | Yuanming Ma (BGP, CNPC) | Guiren Xue (BGP, CNPC)
- Document ID
- International Petroleum Technology Conference
- International Petroleum Technology Conference, 26-28 March, Beijing, China
- Publication Date
- Document Type
- Conference Paper
- 2019. International Petroleum Technology Conference
- 5 Reservoir Desciption & Dynamics, 5.1 Reservoir Characterisation, 5.1.1 Exploration, Development, Structural Geology
- Q migration efficiency, various gain limit, Q migration, Q compensation
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- 75 since 2007
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The Kirchhoff Q PSDM technique is studied in this paper in order to compensate the amplitude and correct the distortion of phase due to seismic attenuation in the earth, during the seismic waves traveling through the earth, especially through the the gas cloud region, to improve the resolution of the imaging results, and to satisfy the requirements of industrial production. In order to improve the calculation efficiency of the QPSDM, a time domain interpolation strategy is also proposed. This strategy avoids the compensation in frequency doamin at each imaging point, which is time-consuming. The computation efficiency of Q migration has been greatly improved with our method, making the Kirchhoff QPSDM able to meet the needs of industrial production. By analyzing the sources of the high frequency noise, the time-variant gain-limits are used to suppress the high frequency noise in the compensation procedure. The numerical results show that the compensation method using the time-variant gain-limits can effectively compensate the energy of the severe attenuation region while suppressing the high-frequency noise. Finally, we test the QPSDM approach on synthetic data and field data. These examples demonstratethat the QPSDM approach could produce higer resolution images with imporoved amplitude and correct phase compared to the convetional PSDM. The Kirchhoff QPSDM technology realized in this paper has produced desirable seismic images while it is applied in many exploration areas such as Dagang, Daqing, Malaysia, Nanhai, etc.
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