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Keywords: alcohol
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Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the 21st World Petroleum Congress, June 15–19, 2014
Paper Number: WPC-21-0513
... greenchemical manufactures 3,4 . Nowadays microbiological and biochemical industries are able to produce wide range of bio oxygenates such as alcohols, vegetable oil, etc. Annual ethanol production reaches up to 160 billion liters per year 5 . Huge amounts of lipids produced from microalgae are also expected 6...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the 18th World Petroleum Congress, September 25–29, 2005
Paper Number: WPC-18-0965
.... This paper examines the opportunities to produce high value products from FT feedstock and specifically two examples have been cited for discussion as case studies, namely: Extraction of fit-for-purpose co-monomers, 1-hexene and 1-octene; Production of detergent alcohols in the C12-15 range. Each case...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the 18th World Petroleum Congress, September 25–29, 2005
Paper Number: WPC-18-0971
..., the GTL facility contributes approximately 15% of PetroSA's total revenue through production and export of 60 million litres speciality distillates and about 135 million litres alcohols that are produced as a by-product. The exceptional quality of distillates produced allowed in-house marketing and...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the 16th World Petroleum Congress, June 11–15, 2000
Paper Number: WPC-30330
... one hand, its strength in raw material that "refining and petroche petroken virgin naphtha Downstream Oil & Gas PGM asset and portfolio management La Plata alcohol petrochemical requirement availability utilisation operation raw material naphtha refinery refining isobutylene...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the 11th World Petroleum Congress, August 28–September 2, 1983
Paper Number: WPC-20317
... problems can be alleviated by incorporating a suitable Co-solvent, especially a mixture of higher alcohols, ethanol to hexanol, as is produced by a new I.F.P. process. A substitute gasoline consisting of methanol and an adequate amount of C&6 alcohols can be made on an integrated synthesis gas/I.F.P...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the 10th World Petroleum Congress, September 9–14, 1979
Paper Number: WPC-18433
... blends). However, the potential of pure alcohols will also be explained. The availability and economics of these alcohol fuels will be discussed as well as their compatibility with the existing distribution system, engine fuel system, and engines. Furthermore, the emission characteristics, fuel economy...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the 10th World Petroleum Congress, September 9–14, 1979
Paper Number: WPC-18423
... by incorporation of cosolvent higher alcohols. However, gains in fuel energy are not commensurate with the methanol added because of the need to withhold butane. Blends are most easily usable in cars with air/fuel ratio controlled by an exhaust oxygen sensor. Extensive replacement of gasoline by...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the 10th World Petroleum Congress, September 9–14, 1979
Paper Number: WPC-18435
... in Japan? Were you referring to a 15% MTBE in gasoline blend or MTBE together with alcohols? In what way can the Japanese results with lead free gasoline be exploited in other areas of the world? (c) To Mr REGLITZKY: Do synthetic fuels produced from coal lead to deposits in the combustion chamber...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the 9th World Petroleum Congress, May 11–16, 1975
Paper Number: WPC-16327
... or lower interfacial tensions to mobilise trapped oil. Gogarty and Tosc~,~ Holm,4 and others suggested an alternative "miscible" type of surfactant waterflood. Since the early work of S~hulman,~ the preparation of thermod enhanced recovery reduction of residual oil saturation alcohol...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the 9th World Petroleum Congress, May 11–16, 1975
Paper Number: WPC-16514
... new source of energy for biosynthesismake a turning point of tremendous importance in the life of humanity. 2. CERTAIN SPECIFICS OF MICROBIOLOGICAL alcohol microbiological processing acid rp 14 humanity Health & Medicine Nourishment biomass quantity nucleic acid oxidation...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the 6th World Petroleum Congress, June 19–26, 1963
Paper Number: WPC-10343
... en hydrocarbure transformé. Higher cyclic alcohols can be used as intermediates in the production of synthetic fibres (polyamides of the Rilsan type), plastics, dicarboxylic acids, plasticizers, synthetic lubricants, in perfumery, etc. Therefore, the development of methods for their synthesis is not...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the 6th World Petroleum Congress, June 19–26, 1963
Paper Number: WPC-10519
.... free oils, they allow higher rolling speeds and increased thickness reduction, The additives used in these oils neith Production Chemistry rost fatty acid tendency oilfield chemistry alcohol emulsion aluminium Upstream Oil & Gas lubricant asle trans torque Downstream Oil...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the 5th World Petroleum Congress, May 30–June 5, 1959
Paper Number: WPC-8314
.... S. has centered mainly in the production of primary alcohols for solvent, plasticizer, and detergent use. Some of these were previously produced by other methods, but several entirely new alcohols, such as isooctyl, decyl, and tridecyl, have also been developed. A listing of experimental 0x0...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the 5th World Petroleum Congress, May 30–June 5, 1959
Paper Number: WPC-8315
... ABSTRACT. Investigation of the liquid-phase oxidation of paraffinic hydrocarbons has resulted in a "directed" synthesis of higher aliphatic alcohols. The basic relationships involved in this process have been found, permitting the oxidation process to be fixed at one of the initial stages-the...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the 4th World Petroleum Congress, June 6–15, 1955
Paper Number: WPC-6201
... after about 35 Yo oleum addition, but further treatment is required to meet the pharmacopoeia colour and carbonizable substances tests. Separation of acid and oil after contacting is effected by centrifuges, a, lso employed for separating alcoholic lye from oil after intermediate and final...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the 4th World Petroleum Congress, June 6–15, 1955
Paper Number: WPC-6318
... molecular weight acid detergent alcohol sulphonic acid application fraction manufacture commercial application agent separation Section IV,/C, Paper 7 THE MANUFACTURE OF CHEMICALS FROM LUBRICATING OIL BY -PRODUCTS BY F. E. HIXON ( * ) SYNOPSIS. W i t h the rapid growth o f the chemical industry...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the 4th World Petroleum Congress, June 6–15, 1955
Paper Number: WPC-6325
... SYNOPSIS. The introduction to the lecture shows how the Author, commencing with ethylene chernistry, especially ethylene chloride, arrived, by way of vinyl chloride, at the synthesis of vinyl ethers from vinyl ch, loride and sodium alcoholates and the work with acetylene under pressure, thus...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the 4th World Petroleum Congress, June 6–15, 1955
Paper Number: WPC-6322
... abreast of the rapid improvements and developments in this industry. The most important plants already in operation are those for polyethylene (capacity 8,000 tons per year); polystyrene (capacity 8,000 tons per year), isopropyl, butyl and isobutyl alcohol; acetone, dichloroethane, dibromoethane and ethyl...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the 4th World Petroleum Congress, June 6–15, 1955
Paper Number: WPC-6313
...-carbon double bond can be reacted with halogens, halogen acids, alcohols, mercaptans, organic acids, water, bisulfites, compounds containing an active carbon-hydrogen bond and molecular hydrogen. The carbony1 group is reacted preferentially with acid anhydrides and hydrogen cyanide, but the selectivity...
Proceedings Papers

Paper presented at the 4th World Petroleum Congress, June 6–15, 1955
Paper Number: WPC-6312
... major attention on the Australian market. The limitations of space will not permit- of a comprehensive treatment so tha data mining alcohol acid alkyl sulphate phenol alkyl aryl sulphonate particle active agent surfactant reaction agent hydroxyl group molecular weight Artificial...

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