At the current price levels of conventional crude oils, there is a renewed interest in nonconventional hydrocarbon sources that could serve as feedstocks to existing or modified refineries. The most prominent representatives of such feedstocks are extra-heavy crude oils and syncrudes from oil sands. The session will be devoted to all aspects related to the production of syncrudes from oil sands, the transportation of such syncrudes and their use as feedstocks in conventional refineries. Likewise, the salient features of extra-heavy crude oils will be discussed along with the available technologies for their conversion into today's high-quality refinery products.

This content is only available via PDF.
You can access this article if you purchase or spend a download.