Abstract

Unconsolidated reservoirs are reservoirs that differ from the traditional rock reservoir model and are inherently complex. It is well known that hydrocarbon recovery is strongly influenced, not only by the fabric and arrangement which exist in the producing reservoirs but is also governed by the fluid interfacial properties. A large study on fabric and reservoir characteristics including properties which influence flow was carried out on oil sands from the estuarine environment of the McMurray Formation from the Athabasca region in Canada. The approach of this study was to view oil sands material as unconsolidated material and in keeping with the initial fabric analysis findings, reservoir material was studied according to fabric components such as coarse material (quartz grains), fine material (silts and clays), bitumen and voids. Methods used for the overall study included: field analysis, thin section analysis, point counting analysis, image analysis, sedimentation studies, SEM, microCT analysis, NMR and core analysis. From the initial 2D fabric analysis, the coarse components of the host material were determined to be fine to medium sized quartz grains embedded in the micromass and in some locations clay bridges were observed between grains. Clays can obstruct the water envelope around the grains and these features differ from the established water wet model. Grain size variations and differences in porosity occur in the host and bioturbated material. Fabric analyses provide key details regarding reservoir characteristics and provide insight into the quality of payzones. Analysis of fabric components from cores samples representing three different estuarine depositional environments and initial findings are presented and discussed. Morphological characteristics of coarse components (quartz grains) along with mechanical features, such as etching on the grain surfaces, observed in SEM suggested the samples were from a transitional environment such as estuarine, agreeing with details logged from the core. The core samples were subjected to microCT scanning at a resolution of 9 microns and 3D pore network models were created from which pore morphology along with key engineering properties related to modeling flow were obtained. Reservoirs fabric characteristics along with reservoir engineering properties are easily obtained from this new approach and methods, which enhance the understanding of reservoir quality.

URTeC 1581573

This content is only available via PDF.
You can access this article if you purchase or spend a download.