Well logs can be used to locate and evaluate deposits of various commercially important minerals. It is only necessary that the mineral of interest represent a significant fraction of the formation bulk volume, and that it exhibit characterizing properties measurable by logs. Because modern logging methods measure electrical, density, acoustic, radioactivity, and certain nuclear characteristics of formations, they may be used to identify many minerals.

  • For evaluation of sulfur deposits, either density or sonic logs provide good resolution when compared with porosity computed from neutron or resistivity logs.

  • Trona beds are identified by a sonic reading of approximately 65 microsec/ft, neutron porosity index of about 40%, low natural radioactivity, and pronounced hole enlargement.

  • Gamma ray logs provide important information in the location, identification, and evaluation of potash mineral deposits. Neutron, sonic, and density logs, in various combinations, augment the gamma ray data in such studies.

  • Coal beds are characterized by high resistivities, and by high apparent porosities on sonic, neutron, and density logs.

  • Density logs are particularly suited for evaluation of yield from oil shales.

In all such explorations for non-metallic mineral deposits, well logging methods provide a fast, detailed, and economical reconnaissance of the entire length of drilled hole. Results compare well with core assays.

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