A straightforward test with debatable analysis methods, the diagnostic fracture injection test (DFIT) is a pressure-transient test extensively used for reservoir and geomechanical characterization of tight/shale formations. The test provides some key data and information to reservoir and well completion engineers including instantaneous shut-in pressure (ISIP), pore pressure, closure stress, fluid efficiency, reservoir flow capacity, and fracture leak-off regime. A comprehensive regional or field-wide study of the DFITs is deemed very useful for operators at any stage of exploration and development.
In this study, DFITs from a group of 174 Montney and Duvernay wells operated by more than 30 producing companies are quality checked and analyzed consistently. The results from DFITs are then compared against the standard poroelasticity equation.
The data set of the current study covers a wide range of DFIT conditions and reservoir and geomechanical properties which helps the authors develop reliable correlations for reservoir characterization purposes. True vertical depth (TVD) of the wells ranges from less than 1000m to more than 4000m leading to a wide range of pressure and stress conditions. The study also covers all the geographical areas of Montney and Duvernay. The results ofthe DFITs are used to develop usefulcross-plot betweenpore pressure and closure pressure.A relationship between closure pressure from compliance method and G-function analysis method for Montney and Duvernay is also provided. Results of example DFITs from depleted areas were also provided which gives an idea about the depletion level and the associated well performance degradation.
The current study gives field-wide understanding of the variations and distributions of reservoir and geomechanical properties in Montney and Duvernay based on DFIT analysis of a sizable population of wells.