Ash deposits are found interbedded within organic mudstones such as the Vaca Muerta, Niobrara and Eagle Ford shales. Alteration of ash deposits interbedded within mudstones and shales have presented challenges for completion and production including pinching of fractures and swelling upon contact with drilling and completion fluids. This paper will review the mineralogic and petrologic variations in altered ash beds found within the Eagle Ford and examine the impact these chemical and physical properties can have on completion. The paper will also present a methodology for detection of ash beds using high-resolution measurements. Understanding and detecting the mineralogic variation between the altered ash beds will enable better completion and minimize risk during production.

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