Porosity is a key reservoir parameter and high accuracy is needed to properly estimate reserves. But even though there is a long history of porosity measurements and various tools from which to derive it, this can still remain a difficult task. None of the logging tools directly measure porosity but instead respond to density, lithology and fluid. Combining different measurements can help to solve for porosity but also brings the complexity of invasion as all the tools do not have the same radial response. This problem is even more complex when dealing with gas formations as the fluid effect on the measurements is very high.
This paper looks at various methods to improve porosity computations via the integration of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) and other porosity measurements in South China Sea gas reservoirs.