Microseismic monitoring of hydraulic fracture stimulation is used to map the extent of fracture growth during the completion of unconventional resource wells. Usually the geometry of the event distributions is used to infer fracture plane orientations, for instance when microseismic events are concentrated along a particular azimuth. Often the induced microseismicity is the result of reactivation of existing fractures in the reservoir. Source mechanism analysis that allows identification of the specific fracturing behavior of individual microseismic events can aid differentiation between reactivation of existing fractures and the creation of new fractures. This paper presents the results from the microseismic monitoring of a Mid-Continent horizontal gas shale well where failure planes of source mechanisms from the microseismic events are compared with fractures identified in a resistivity image log. The source mechanisms originate from failure on existing fracture planes, many of which the image log show to be partially or completely healed. The reactivation of these fracture planes are the dominant failure mechanism detected by the monitoring, but additional fracture planes were also likely stimulated by the treatment but seismicity associated with other fractures has a signal to noise ratio below that required to invert for source mechanisms. Enhanced production resulting from the stimulation is expected to result from a combination of fractures in the natural fracture network; those related to the source mechanisms and other fractures that may be opened aseismically. The result is a well-connected fracture network because of contributions of flow from multiple fracture orientations.

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