This paper presents case studies of how produced water salinity data was used to transform the performance of two oil producing fields in Nigeria. Produced water salinity data was used to improve Field B’s reservoir simulation history match, generate infill drilling targets, and reinstate Field C’s oil production.
A reservoir simulation study was unable to history match the water cut in 3 production wells in Field B. Water salinity data enabled the asset team to estimate the arrival time of injected sea water at each production well in oil field B. This improved the reservoir simulation history match, increased model confidence, and validated the simulation model for the placement of infill drilling targets. The asset team also gained additional insight on the existing water flood performance, transformed the water flooding strategy, and added 9.6 MMSTB oil reserves.
The asset team at Field C was unable to recover oil production from a well after it died suddenly. The team evaluated water salinity data, which suggested scale build up in the well, and completed a bottom-hole camera survey to prove the diagnosis. This justified a scale clean-out workover, and added 5000 barrels per day of oil production. A case study of how injection tracer data was used to characterise a water injection short circuit in Field D is also presented.
Methods of using produced water salinity and injection tracer data to manage base production and add significant value to petroleum fields are presented. Produced water salinity and injection tracer data also simplify water injection connectivity evaluations, and can be used to justify test pipeline and test separator installation for data acquisition.