Bubble-point and dew-point pressures of oil and gas condensate reservoir fluids are used for planning the production profile of these reservoirs. Usually the best method for determination of these saturation pressures is by visual observation when a Constant Mass Expansion (CME) test is performed on a sample in a high pressure cell fitted with a glass window. In this test the cell pressure is reduced in steps and the pressure at which the first sign of gas bubbles is observed is recorded as bubble-point pressure for the oil samples and the first sign of liquid droplets is recorded as the dew-point pressure for the gas condensate samples.

The experimental determination of saturation pressure especially for volatile oil and gas condensate require many small pressure reduction steps which make the observation method tedious, time consuming and expensive. In this study we have extended the Y-function which is often used to smooth out CME data for black oils below the bubble-point to determine saturation pressure of reservoir fluids. We started from the initial measured pressure and volume and by plotting log of the extended Y function which we call the YEXT function, with the corresponding pressure, two straight lines were obtained; one in the single phase region and the other in the two phase region. The point at which these two lines intersect is the saturation pressure.

The differences between the saturation pressures determined by our proposed YEXT function method and the observation method was less than ± 4.0 % for the gas condensate, black oil and volatile oil samples studied. This extension of the Y function to determine dew-point and bubble-point pressures was not found elsewhere in the open literature. With this graphical method the determination of saturation pressures is less tedious and time consuming and expensive windowed cells are not required.

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