The paper seeks to assess the technical and economic feasibility of implementing carbon dioxide enhanced oil recovery (CO2 EOR) in Trinidad and Tobago from flue gas production whilst mitigating the effect of greenhouse gases via CO2 sequestration. An existing power plant in Trinidad was selected as the CO2 source. As such, actual CO2 volumes and properties were found and used in this analysis. However, a hypothetical field was chosen as the appropriate sink, which can be analogous to a field in onshore Trinidad.

A detailed reservoir model was built using the compositional fluid model CMG-GEM. Various scenarios were simulated to determine the optimum number of producers for primary production and the best location of the injectors for CO2 EOR. The optimum number of producers for the reservoir during primary production was found. In addition, the most favorable location of the injector to avoid early breakthrough and increase oil recovery was also determined.

Many key parameters were reported from this investigation. These included OIIP, forecasted production and primary recovery. After primary production, CO2 EOR was then implemented with the use of the reservoir and fluid models and the additional recovery is reported. Other Key CO2-EOR parameters such as CO2 utilization rate and total sequestered CO2 were also quantified.

Though a hypothetical reservoir was used, all associated data were defined and once an actual reservoir is known, the same technically rigid methodology can be applied.

The OIIP was found to be 6.74 MMSTB for the selected reservoir. Based on an economic net present value (NPV) assessment, the optimum number of production wells for field development was found to be 3. At the end of primary production from these three wells (with 2.375 in. tubing), a total of 1.83 MMSTB were produced. This corresponded to a primary recovery factor of 27.2% over 4 years and 2 months.

For CO2 EOR coupled with sequestration, these three wells were manipulated and used as 1 injector and 2 producers. CO2 EOR led to another 1.07 MMSTB of recovery for a total of 2.9 MMSTB (43.04% Recovery) for the ten year life of the project. A total of 5427 MMSCF (287 000 tons) of CO2 was sequestered in the reservoir (40.39% Storage) at an injection pressure of 1400 psi.

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