The Middle East carbonate reservoirs are mostly reef flat sedimentary complexes, which are high heterogeneous and have extensive baffles. It brings great challenges to the efficient development of such reservoirs. Focus on the problem, a method of describing baffle distribution conjunctively using static and dynamic data is put forward in this paper. The distribution of baffles in the target formation is characterized based on core observation, well loggings, image logs, etc. Then, their impact towards reservoir performance is evaluated based on production data and dynamic surveillance data. Based on the study, it is acquired that cementation mainly controlled the upper baffles and compaction controlled the lower. Generally speaking, permeability of baffle is higher in the crest area and lower in the flank area. Baffles are stably distributed throughout the reservoir, although their ability to block fluid flow varies from region to region. The existence of baffles and their ability to block fluid flow had impact to the development effect, so development optimization and scheme comparison carried out. The corresponding development strategies are proposed for reservoirs with extensive baffles. Injectors and producers with highly-deviated well-type will help establish effective displacement system and achieve better reservoir production, it can improve the development effect and enhance oil recovery. This study offers a comprehensive case study for engineers and geologists to better understand this reservoir, it also provides a methodology that can be referred when developing similar fields.