Wettability influences the flow motion of hydrocarbons in carbonate oil reservoirs: it is measured in laboratory with specific procedures including assessment of its initial value. Conventional or special core analysis requires good cleaning of the cores. Additional measurements like relative permeability or capillary pressure for instance require restoration of the initial wettability conditions of cores by aging them. The routine methods for assessment of wettability are USBM and Amott-Harvey (A-H) tests, which involve large amount of efforts and time. In this study we replace these tedious processes by tracking the aging through repeated NMR and resistivity measurements.

Four core plugs, two dolomites and two limestones, were selected from twenty carbonate plugs collected from different outcrops. After saturating the samples with brine, the cementation factor m was calculated. NMR T2 relaxation was performed as a reference on fully brine saturated samples. Crude oil was injected into the plugs until they attained Swi. An NMR T2 was measured on them before aging. Then one limestone and one dolomite were immersed in crude oil and placed in an oven at reservoir temperature, while the two other samples were loaded in resistivity core holders under same reservoir temperature and confining pressure to age them. Resistivity was measured continuously while NMR T2 were recorded at different time intervals to observe the response of the aging core samples to independent physical investigations.

The NMR and resistivity measurements were used to identify the wettability alteration. The resistivity change showed a continuous wettability change in the plugs, which was also confirmed by the continuous change in the NMR T2 response. Both methods showed that dolomite was more prone to becoming oil-wet than limestone. It was verified by USBM and Amott-Harvey tests on same plugs. Further tests will be necessary to validate the generality of the overall workflow.

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