One of the engineering tasks of hydraulic fracturing design is the correct selection of the propping agent. Ceramic proppant, which is used in most fields in Western Siberia, makes a proppant pack that is several times more permeable than the formation (sometimes even 1000 times). However, the gelling agent used for treatment, depending on the size of the proppant, reduces the permeability of the proppant pack from 2 to 5 times. However, workover operations after hydraulic fracturing and during production period has a significant colmatage effect on the near-wellbore zone and can significantly reduce the productivity of the well.
A common practice in the fields of Western Siberia is to prop a fracture at the near-wellbore zone with a proppant of mesh size 12/18. Despite a small difference in the calculated skin factor, the analysis of operations at the Salym group of oilfields shows a significant change in the production decline rate on wells with 16/20 and 12/18 mesh size propping agents.
Engineering group of the Salym group of oilfields conducted trials on hydraulic fracturing treatments with a mesh size 10/14 and, after successful results, 6/10 proppant. The treatment results, lessons learned and the analysis of production of these wells is the scope of this work.