This paper proposes the method of an automatic history matching (HM) with the ability to preserve geological realism and an example of its application in one of the fields in Western Siberia. The method assumes takes into account all identified uncertainties at the early stages of geological model construction and their synchronized variation within realistic limits during HM.
There are interrelations between petrophysical and geological uncertainties, which significantly affect on the reservoir dynamics. Hence, changes in one of the parameters during HM should influence the synchronous change of the others in order to preserve the geological consistency of the simulation model within the given geological concept. As a result, engineer gets a set of history matched models providing a range of predictions, which can be used for investment decisions.