Length and profile shape of horizontal section of the production well is one of the main issues in the justification of horizontal well completion. Justified choice of horizontal well completion and profile design is based on the main objectives: provide high initial rate, maximize the cumulated gas and condensate production, reduce the risk of well drilling and completion, extend a period with water free production, hence resulted in the maximum NPV. The main factors that influence the choice of horizontal well profile are the geological structure of the productive formation, its reservoir properties, the location of formation fluid contacts, formation anisotropy, the ratio of vertical and horizontal heterogeneity.
In this paper we investigate the influence of mentioned geological factors on the choice of horizontal well profile. Various profiles of horizontal wells- directional, horizontal and U-shaped have been considered for gas condensate reservoirs. The analysis was conducted on the basis of hydrodynamic modeling Eclipse 300 using a function of multi-segment well.
After choice of the optimal length for the horizontal section of the well, a simulation was performed. Also there was a comparison of the performance for directional and U-shaped horizontal wells with the same length. During comparing the well performance well productivity, cumulative gas and condensate production, inflow profiles, the conditions of liquid removing from well bottom of were evaluated. Sensitivity evaluation of the optimal profile selecting to the reservoir permeability and its anisotropy was performed. It helps to take into account the effect of uncertainty on the performance of the well.
Selecting a profile of the horizontal section of the well is one of the main issues in the design and affects not only the final gas and condensate recovery, but also helps to clarify the geological structure formation during logging, and enable the development of all productive layers, reduce the risk of complications during the operation.
Structural features of horizontal wells unlike allow to obtain vertical flow rates several times superior performance of vertical wells. And the increase in horizontal wells is provided not by increasing the drawdown, and by increasing the filter surface. Productivity is limited in the vertical wells of the reservoir reveals the thickness, whereas the thickness of a predetermined value for the formation and drawdown -the geometrical parameters of the liner and, consequently, horizontal wells depends on the length of the horizontal wellbore.
The horizontal wellbore completion may be regarded as an effective method for production of hydrocarbons, and as a method of stimulation. Engineering and technology horizontal drilling, completion fluid, their performance, conduct work under stimulation to them, economic indicators drilling and operation of horizontal wells devoted several thousand research. At the same time question the justification of the optimal design and the length of the gas and gas condensate wells are virtually unexplored. Studies on this topic have been done by Z.S. Aliyev, V. Sheremet and V.A. Chernykh. Z.S. Aliyev in one of his works says that the only way to study the optimal design of horizontal gas wells drilled in inhomogeneously layered strata, is a numerical solution to this problem through the creation of geological and mathematical models of fragments of such deposits and the joint solution of unsteady, multidimensional, multiphase and multicomponent filtering the horizontal trunk with the equation of motion with a variable flow rate of the mixture along the length of the barrel.
In this paper we provide a rationale for completing horizontal wells for specific geological conditions of the N-th gas condensate field located in the east of the autonomous area.