Liquid-rich shale reservoirs contribute immensely to the United States oil and gas production. Because Bakken, Lower Eagle Ford, and Niobrara formations have different mineralogy, pore structure, organic content, and fluid compositions, it is critical to differentiate the unique characteristics of each formation for field development and oil and gas production. The latter information is also useful in well stimulation design and hydraulic fracturing.
This paper presents an experimental study of mineralogy, pore-size distribution, pore geometry, and spatial correlation between minerals and pores to identify the effect of micro-scale properties on flow behavior. Porosity and permeability of several core samples from the Middle Bakken, Lower Eagle Ford, and Niobrara formations were studied and the results, using mercury injection capillary pressure (MICP), X-Ray diffraction (XRD), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM), were shown. Finally, a workflow that estimates cementation factor combining the results obtained from MICP measurements and GRI crushed core analysis will be presented.