CO2 based fluids are commonly used to fracture stimulate formations with low reservoir pressure as well as formations that are more sensitive to water treatments (high capillary pressure, swelling clays etc). In particular, the Frontier Formation located in Bighorn Basin, Wyoming, has seen a variety of stimulation fluids used over the past years with varying degrees of success. When dealing with water sensitive formations, a common practice has been to use oil-based fluids. However, fluids of this nature can have detrimental effects on gas zones with low reservoir pressure and this might be the reason for erratic well performance of previously treated Frontier completions. It has also been determined that oil-based fluids can alter the reservoir wettability and hence cause formation damage. With this in mind and considering the environmental and economical benefits of using a water-based fracturing fluid, a novel visco-elastic surfactant based, CO2-compatible, high foam quality (>60%) fluid was proposed as the main fracturing fluid. This paper will discuss the first application of this visco-elastic based fluid on wells in Park County, Wyoming.

This paper will discuss stimulation with the new fluid and how pin-point pressure measurement enabled the operator to make informed decisions to define fracturing/completion strategy. We also present the additional benefits of incorporating existing dipole sonic tool information to calibrate "in-situ" stress, Young's Modulus and Poisson's ratio. Finally, a production history match is conducted on wells treated with the new fluid.

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