Reservoir A is being developed in early and interim phases in order to gather static & dynamic data to minimize the risk associated to subsurface uncertainties. In early and interim phases, only production is taking places. During full field, water injection scheme will be implemented using mainly 5-spot pattern. It is very crucial to measure the subsurface uncertainties and their impact on the reservoir development. For this purpose, the uncertainty parameters are identified and their ranges are selected based on the current well performances during probabilistic History matching (PHM) phase. In full field runs, the uncertain subsurface parameters are quantified to prioritize the future reservoir monitoring and data gathering plans. Note that wells are equipped with the permanent downhole pressure gauges.
Reservoir A is one of the major reservoirs of a green-field located offshore Abu Dhabi and is being developed with a 5-spot water injection pattern. The producers and water injectors are horizontal wells which are drilled across different flow unit within the reservoir. The reservoir properties are variable across all the flow units, which may results in a non-uniform water front. Being a green field, there are more uncertainties as compared to the brown field. More than three years production & pressure data is available which is used in this uncertainty study. This production data is mainly used to achieve the probabilistic History match on well-wise basis. In this uncertainty study, previous HM parameters are removed. However, based on previous history matching learnings, the subsurface uncertain parameters ranges are selected for this probabilistic History match phase. The criteria for filtering the valid runs during this phase are set to be ±150 Psi compared to the actual downhole pressure readings. In case of decreasing this filtering range to 75 Psi, results in reduction in the reserve range in P90 to P10. Based on ±150 Psi principle, the subsurface parameter ranges are furthered reformed for full field uncertainty study/run. The industry standard workflow is followed to quantify the subsurface parameters during this phase. In this study, we used the Permeability modifiers based on RRT, Faults transmisibilities, Relative Perm curves (based on SCAL data), Kv/Kh ratio (from PTA), etc. as uncertain parameters. The impact of each parameter is measured and quantified with respect to plateau and total reserves.