This paper presents the operational procedures and the results for two pressure buildup tests performed using a wireless telemetry acquisition system (TAS) tool at the North Robertson (Clearfork) Unit (NRU) in Gaines, Co. Tx. Using a single pressure gauge system downhole, we obtained real-time telemetry of pressure and temperature data at the surface, as well as a larger sampling of data that were stored in the downhole memory system.

This new wireless telemetry acquisition system was developed to provide real-time pressure and temperature data at the surface by using an electromagnetic signal to transmit these data through the formation strata. The tool is fully programmable so that a wide range of sampling frequencies can be used. The system allows pressure and temperature data to be stored downhole (as in the case of a typical "memory" gauge), or these data can be transmitted to surface data acquisition systems. This provides real-time pressure and temperature data for pressure transient tests, stimulation monitoring, and long-term reservoir surveillance.

Our objective is to demonstrate the use of this technology for pressure buildup tests in low permeability reservoirs. Our goal in utilizing this technology is to reduce the shut-in time requirements for pressure transient tcsts-which will ultimately result in a more cost-effective reservoir surveillance program as wells can be returned to production (or injection) as quickly as possible.

Once the pressure data were acquired, we performed conventional semilog and log-log analysis, and we simulated test profiles to verify the analyses of the test data. Both surface and downhole pressure data were compared for consistency, and both types of data were analyzed in exactly the same fashion. The results of these analyses were essentially identical. This approach gave consistent estimates of reservoir pressure, permeability, skin factor, and fracture half-length for both of our case histories.

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