The Heidrun Field is located in the Haltenbanken area offshore Mid-Norway. The reservoir temperature is 85 – 88 °C and the reservoir pressure is close to hydrostatic pressure, around 250 bar. Seawater injection is utilized to increase recovery and for pressure support. With Ba2+ levels averaging about 200ppm, downhole sulphate scale deposition caused by seawater injection has been identified. The field came on stream in 1995. Heidrun presents a particular challenging scaling environment due to the combination of high Ba2+ content, demand for environmental friendly chemicals, strong top-side emulsion tendency, limited hydrostatics and at times high draw down within the gravel packs. In addition, the high kaolinite content (20–30 %) in the reservoirs introduces the risk of fines mobilization leading to plugging within the gravel packs especially with the development of overflush fluids volumes used during squeeze treatments. Scale control started in November 1999 with regular squeeze treatments. However, initial squeezes suffered from short treatment life and evidence of fines related productivity decline.

Under a joint R&D program, a multi-functional additive was developed that enhanced inhibitor adsorption, provided clay stabilisation and a certain level of scale inhibition.

This paper presents both laboratory and field data to elucidate the mechanisms involved in extending squeeze life and clay fines stabilization with this additive.

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