In July 1986 PETRONAS approved establishment of a Corporate Safety Group with responsibilities for:
Initiating development of safety policies, procedures and guidelines.
Implementing and monitoring same.
Acting as official spokesman and liaison with Public and Third Parties.
Corporate Safety's area of responsibility is total. That is, safety must begin with desiqn at the conceptual stage, including: developing desiqn specifications and standards, participation in construction and in acceptance inspections, in operations by participating in the development of operating procedures for personnel safety and in the development of guidelines on safety matters related to Inspection and Maintenance. This paper will highlight the areas of Corporate Safety's involvement and support them with appropriate and logical reasons.
Previously each unit of PETRONAS handled their own safety standards and safety programs but with significant influence from Construction Contractors and Operating Contractors.
Within PETRONAS, Safety Groups have developed independent of central (Corporate Safety) guidance. So far this has been successful as the safety record in PETRONAS is good. With due modesty, PETRONAS is pleased to inform this Conference that it has won the Sword of Honour of the British Safety Council for four successive years. However, it has led to non-standardized equipment and a variety of safety approaches. An overall policy and philosophy of safety training and the standardization of equipment and materials should enhance safety and loss prevention with substantial cost savings.
Corporate Safety's participation in these safety areas is a staff function. It is not the intent of this discussion to imply that Corporate Safety wishes to usurp the responsibility for personnel safety or safety of the facilities. That is and must be, totally, the responsibility of line management. This point of responsibility is considered as basic and will not be discussed further.
The first responsibility for Corporate Safety will be in developing the standards, procedures and guidelines that are to be used in PETRONAS. In most cases it will be a matter of accepting and modifying existing standards to comply with the imperative of the Malaysian Codes and applicable industry standards.
Design standards that Corporate Safety will be deeply involved in developing are those that provide for the safety of personnel, features designed to prevent or aid in the control of mishaps, misoperation, fires, fire damage and those features designed to control spills. Corporate Safety will also develop guidelines on minimum requirements for personnel protective equipment as well as requirements for guarding devices on or around equipment for personnel protection. Further to the safety of personnel, Corporate Safety will develop specific guidelines for Occupational Health. These will include methods and procedures for defining, detecting and mitigating hazardous conditions resulting from hazardous substances, i.e. liquids, solids, gases, vapors, dusts, noise, radiation, etc., that may be harmful to personnel. In the area of Occupational Health, Corporate Safety will assist in the development of Materials Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) for materials, products and substances employees are expected to come in contact with in the work place. The basis for these standards and designs will be the Factories and Machinery Department and other Malaysian Standards, API, NFPA. and international accepted practices.
Specific areas of design that Corporate Safety will b. deeply involved in developing and implementing are:
Layout and Spacing of Facilities.
Fireproofing of structures and other critical equipment.
Classification of hazardous areas for electrical installation.