Published as SPE 51177 in September 1998 SPE Drilling & Completion.
An innovative completion design that allows multiple acid fracs to be performed in horizontal subsea chalk-formation wells with a single trip into the wellbore has recently been codeveloped by a major North Sea operator and anoilfield engineering/manufacturing/service company. The project was initiated to develop a system that would allow multiple acid stimulations to be efficiently performed in the shortest possible time in the North Sea JoanneField. The system ultimately developed allows acid stimulation of up to 10different zones in a single trip with no through-tubing intervention. The first well in which this new technique was used had 7 zones, and 3 additional wells with 10 zones each were later completed. The development of this system and case histories of the first four subsea wells requiring stimulation will be presented in the paper.
The key element of the system is a multi-stage acid frac tool (MSAF) that is similar to a sliding sleeve circulating device and is run in the closed position. Up to 9 MSAF tools can be run in the completion with isolation of each zone being achieved by hydraulic-set retrievable packers that are positioned on each side of an MSAF tool. Each sleeve contains a threaded ball seat with the smallest ball seat in the lowest sleeve and the largest ball seat in the highest sleeve. With this system, stimulation of 10 separate zones is accomplished in 12-18 hours by a unique procedure that lubricates varying sized low-specific gravity balls into the tubing and then pumps them to a mating seat in the appropriate MSAF, thus sealing off the stimulated zone and allowing stimulation of the next zone which is made accessible by opening the sleeve.
This technique provided a substantial reduction in the operational time normally required to stimulate multiple zones and allowed the stimulations to be precisely targeted within the reservoir. The case history data will provide comparisons in operational times between traditional stimulations and this new method as well as the significant enhancements to cost efficiency that resulted from its use. Additionally, this completion method allowed the stimulations to be designed and matched to the requirements of each reservoir zone, which provided the most cost efficient treatments possible.