Foams are among the most promising and cost effective means to alleviate the drawbacks associated with gas-based EOR-processes. The objective of this work is to probe the impact of residual oil saturation on CO2-foam generation and on their flow behavior in porous media
Designing a foam-EOR process requires its evaluation and optimisation at laboratory scale using coreflood tests. However, such coreflood tests are usually performed on relatively long core sample, this lead to long time-consuming experiments. In this study are presented results using both long and short coreflood systems. Short coreflood systems (allowing short-duration test) are coupled to a NMR apparatus and to an CT-scanner that allow live and non-invasive measurements of the fluids saturation.
In a first part of this work, the efficiencies of two proprietary formulations to generate stable foam in porous media under reservoir conditions and in absence of oil have been compared. We used a coreflood set-up equipped with X-Ray detection to monitor gas propagation inside relatively long core samples. Then, their ability to resist the oil (Dodecane) have been evaluated and compared. The results evidenced two largely different behaviors. One of the two formulations resists the presence of oil up to an oil saturation of 35-40% while the second is destabilized as soon as the oil saturation exceeds 20%. Both formulations were insensitive to oil bellow an oil saturation of 15%. Depending on the application targeted, this laboratory evaluation should be coupled with a detailed economic evaluation to select the formulation to be used.
In a second part, we performed co-injection tests using NMR small coreflood set-up and IRM-scanner in absence of oil. They brought more detailed information regarding fluid saturations that help interpreting foam characteristics and flow behavior in porous media.