In an unconventional reservoir, a thorough understanding of the spatial distribution of the physical properties of rocks, in terms of facies, porosity, and permeability, is essential for realistic dynamic reservoir simulation and history matching. This paper provides a practical solution for enhanced reservoir performance analysis, combining the results of geological interpretation, 3D geostatistical electrofacies modeling, and flow simulation in an unconventional Eagle Ford shale play. The first step of the integrated approach is the application of hierarchical clustering methods to identify electrofacies groups using log curves. Next, electrofacies are converted into lithofacies through an analysis of core data. The 3D lithofacies and petrophysical distribution model is then created using stochastic geostatistical techniques. In the reservoir simulation step, the discretized facies model is constrained to assign geomechanical properties. Thus, a realistic fracture model is generated with a proper definition of fracture characteristics to control flow simulation and to enable better history matching. The solution presented in this paper provides an objective means of using the integrated approach in an accurate definition of fracture properties, in terms of length and orientation, for reservoir simulation and production forecasting in unconventional reservoirs.

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