Drilling horizontal wells at an average true vertical depth (TVDBRT) of 850-950m to exploit the high porosity and low permeability tight reservoir of Barmer Hill (BH 1 to BH12), in the Indian state of Rajasthan required overcoming many chal-lenges. These wells were drilled from both Aishwariya and Mangala fields. The highly layered BH reservoir is primarily composed of diatomite and porcellanite.

Drilling ERD wells at such shallow depths and with land rigs that have limited capability (tubular and pump limitations) required detailed planning and flawless execution because of many inherent risks such as high torque and stand pipe pressures, poor hole cleaning, inadequate weight-on-bit transfer and stuck pipe events.

Optimum trajectory in terms of good well placement, drillability and collision risk avoidance was a priority in planning these wells in a tight network of over 350 wells.

An important concern was designing a Bottom Hole Assembly (BHA) to meet multiple requirements.

  1. It had to be planned to maximize achievable doglegs with Rotary Steerable System (RSS) to land the wells despite high uncertainty in reservoir depths.

  2. High drilling torque anticipated in 6″ hole and narrow operating window with re-spect to helical buckling were major concerns.

  3. WOB transfer while drilling ~1000 m horizontal section was critical.

ECD had to be carefully managed by a combination of good hole cleaning and the use of smaller drill pipe in order not to exceed formation fracture gradient. Good drilling practices specific to ERD wells and meticulous engineering/planning led to successful drilling of these shallow TVD ERD wells.

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