Block Shen-95 has been under cold waterflooding for 17 years. Of particular interest is the low recovery of 11.27% for the North Block due to crude oil cloud point being very close to the reservoir temperature. Formation damage near the wellbore region is controlled at production wells by hot-oiling and low injection rates of non-isothermal waterflooding.

Optimizing production necessitated looking at core-scale experiment and reservoir-scale simulation waterflooding performance at different temperatures. The intent also, is basically to condition core-scale flooding observations to properly initialize the numerical model. Based on experiment carried out on core samples, sharp decline in oil displacement efficiency occurred, increase in residual oil saturation and increase in the intensity of formation damage below the cloud point. Reservoir simulation depicted decline in production with decreasing flooding temperature captured specifically by change in viscosity around the wellbore region. Change in flow dynamics due to change in relative permeability was not efficiently captured and formation damage impact on porosity and permeability.

Reservoir-scale performance for high pour point oil reservoir can better be understood by considering the effects of formation damage on storativity and transmissibility, and fluid rheology. The irreversible process of wax precipitation may cause permanent damage if further from the wellbore region.

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