Mud Pulse Telemetry (MPT) systems enable the MWD/LWD companies to transmit to surface valuable directional and formation data during the drilling process. This data is used to optimize the drilling process, making drilling operations more cost efficient and allowing the drilling of more complex wells.

The major factors limiting MPT data rates include maximum downhole signal strength, signal attenuation, surface induced noise and surface piping induced signal reflections. Most of these are not predictable, not arbitrarily adjustable and potentially change their properties during the course of data transmission. To achieve maximum possible data rates under those challenges, telemetry systems must be highly flexible, both downhole and at the surface receiver. Downhole, the transmission tool should be able to support different signal types and different signal frequencies to optimally use the transmission channel (the mud filled pipe bore).These signaling parameters should be changeable during operation. On surface, sophisticated noise processing should be employed to increase the overall system Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR).

This paper describes a new system for mud pulse telemetry that supports two signaling types, different signal modulations and various signal frequencies. The new system comprises a novel mud pulser and a digitally controlled, automatically adjusted surface system. With the downhole mud pulser in the borehole, the new system allows the optimization of the mud pulse telemetry process for maximum MWD/LWD information at surface while drilling the well.

This paper introduces the system and gives details on how the achieved high speed data rates of the new telemetry system have helped to deliver real time answers while drilling.

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