A number of different CO2 corrosion rate prediction models have been developed for application in oil and gas production systems and are readily available in the literature or as industry standards. These models vary from the empirical models to the more recently developed mechanistic models.

In this paper a number of CO2 corrosion rate prediction models are compared. In addition to the obvious criteria of comparing the predicted corrosion rates, the models were also compared for other characteristics such as ease of implementation and insight into the main drivers of the predicted corrosion rate.

Using as input the water-chemistry of condensed water, the output from each of the CO2 corrosion prediction models was compared over a range of temperatures and pressures. A common source dataset was used as input for each of the models.

For the range of input values, the suite of selected models generated results which were comparable for lower temperatures and pressures. At higher temperatures and pressures where the effect of the precipitation of iron carbonate would be expected to be influential then the outputs from the models differed. This was in part because in some cases iron carbonate precipitation was not included, but in other cases this difference was due to the alternative implementations of the effect of iron carbonate precipitation.

As would be expected the mechanistic models are the more complex to implement with some being such that specialist computer code is required to numerically solve the systems of equations. However, for all the complexity of implementation, the mechanistic models have the particular strength of providing greater insight into the critical variables driving the overall corrosion mechanism and hence suggest strategies for minimizing the CO2 corrosion risk during design and operation and are therefore to be recommended.

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