During the last decade management of safety has progressively moved from reaction to an incident towards prevention of the incident occurring.
Safety management has moved from being a side-issue to being an integral part of the business to be managed in the same way as other critical issues. Incidents which in the past may have been viewed as unfortunate events are now recognised as costly and avoidable events.
The principles of the management of safety risks are similar to management of health and environmental risks. Indeed the considerations am often overlapping. A combined system for management of health, safety and the environment is both more efficient and more effective than tiying to manage the elements separately.