About half of the world's oil reserves are in carbonate reservoirs, and most of these formations are mixed-wet or oil-wet and fractured, with extremely heterogeneous porosities and permeabilities. Implementation of enhanced oil recovery (EOR) techniques in this kind of reservoir is essential to achieve peak oil production and increase the recovery factor. Chemical EOR (CEOR) processes have been studied for many years in carbonate reservoirs but are not usually economically viable. Surfactant flooding has been considered as one of the most promising techniques among the chemical recovery methods due to the capacity of some surfactants to alter the carbonate rocks' wettability. However, the process is economically feasible only when losses of surfactant caused by adsorption into the porous media are decreased. Adsorption of surfactants can be affected by the surface charge on the rock surface and fluid interfaces. In general, the adsorption of cationic surfactants on carbonates is lower in comparison with other surfactants. Nevertheless, the high cost of cationic surfactants compared to anionic ones has led to studies aiming to evaluate the injection of the latter in the presence of a sacrificial agent in order to reduce the adsorption caused by interaction between the negative charges of the surfactant and positive charges on the carbonate surface. This work aims to study the effect of the presence of two chemicals, normally applied as scaling and corrosion inhibitors, on reducing the static adsorption of an anionic sodium olefin sulfonate surfactant on a carbonate rock. Water soluble poly(sodium methacrylate) (PSM) and diethanolamine (DEA) were evaluated as sacrificial agents in concentrations close to their scaling and corrosion inhibitor functions, respectively, to verify their sacrificial role in a co-injection chemical scenario. Adsorption studies were carried out using a pulverized carbonate rock in which low-salinity water was used as the base medium. Aqueous stability tests were carried out, which made it possible to select the correct salinity for the solutions of surfactant. Surface tension measurements were used as an indirect approach to study the adsorption of the surfactant in the presence and absence of PSM and DEA. Individually, PSM presented the best performance in reducing the adsorption of the anionic surfactant, while the DEA showed an almost null effect. However, when the chemicals were mixed, a synergistic effect was observed. The performance of PSM can probably be attributed to a steric effect of an adsorbed layer of polymer. It will be shown that even at lower concentrations, co-injection chemicals which are used for targeting other issues, such as scaling and corrosion inhibitors, may play the role of a sacrificial agent in reducing the adsorption of anionic surfactants, which is a concern in application to carbonate reservoirs.

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