Geochemical data indicate that the Late Silurian-Early Devonian Fegaguira Formation is the main source rock that has been charged the Ordovician and the Triassic reservoirs in the Chotts basin, South of Tunisia. Its good to excellent geochemical characteristic and its convenient maturity range allow it to be nominated as a good shale reservoir.
The reservoir assessment was based essentially on geochemical and mineralogical elements including: (1) source-rock distribution, thickness, organic richness, maturity level, petroleum generation and migration; (2) organic facies distribution, quality and kerogen transformation; and (3) mineralogical assessment, clay type and quartz richness.
A geochemical database consisting of 224 cuttings samples of the Fegaguira Formation was used to determine its geochemical characteristics including mineralogy. The examined shales show different thickness distribution that decreases towards the south east. They were subdivided into three distinct units according to their diagraphic responses, lithology and organic richness. The two upper units exhibit good total organic carbon averaging 5%, an original hydrogen index averaging 560 mg HC/g of TOC suggesting that the Fegaguira Formation was originally rich in type II organic matter (oil and gas prone kerogen), maturity ranges from 0.7 to 1.1 % R0, transformation ratio is about 0.78% and quartz richness up to 16%.
Detailed framework studies in petroleum geochemistry, lithostratigraphy and mineralogy combined with conventional modeling were used to estimate the unconventional oil and gas resources of the Fegaguira Formation.
The important organic content, the carbon transformation ratio, the gas derived both from kerogen cracking and oil-to-gas cracking, including the calculated porosity and the quartz percentage suggest that the Feguiguira Formation is a promising reservoir.