Biofuels are increasingly becoming a viable alternative for reducing consumption of petroleum, a policy goal resulting from recent high oil prices, energy security concerns, and climate change. More recently, projects have been initiated to map a way forward for the introduction of sustainable biofuels to help reduce dependence on fossil fuels in air transport and reduce GHG emissions by the air industry. Globally, various feedstocks and conversion technologies for production of biofuels for aviation are currently being investigated. The purpose of this paper is to present issues, trend and opportunities in the production of SPK as an alternative to the traditional fossil fuel. The work focuses on SPK as an aviation fuel with its attendant environmental benefits of reduction in CO2 emission. The paper also reviews different feedstock used in SPK production such as Jatropha, Camelina and Algae. Process technologies used are also surveyed.

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